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ALERTE INCENDIE À BNP PARIBAS: DES MILITANTS DÉNONCENT LE SOUTIEN DE LA BANQUE AUX ENTREPRISES RESPONSABLES DE DÉFORESTATION


ALERTE INCENDIE À BNP PARIBAS: DES MILITANTS DÉNONCENT LE SOUTIEN DE LA BANQUE AUX ENTREPRISES RESPONSABLES DE DÉFORESTATION

Paris, 17 juin 2021 - Ce matin, une dizaine de militants de l’ONG Canopée se sont rendus dans l’agence BNP Paribas du boulevard Sébastopol à Paris où ils ont déclenché une alarme incendie afin d’alerter sur la responsabilité de la banque dans les feux de forêts au Brésil. (voir video ici).

Cette action fait suite à plusieurs alertes restées sans réponse satisfaisante malgré l’urgence :

  • BNP Paribas a accordé près de 200 millions de dollars de financements liés au risque de déforestation à Cargill et Bunge entre 2015 et 2020 (1).
  • Plus de 60 000 hectares de forêts et d’écosystèmes ont été détruits par chacune de ces deux entreprises en 2019 et 2020 pour cultiver du soja au Brésil (2).
  • BNP Paribas n’a pris aucune mesure concrète et urgente pour couper ses liens avec ces entreprises. En février 2021, BNP a annoncé un objectif vague, et sans plan d’action concret, pour mettre fin à ses soutiens à la déforestation à l’horizon 2025 (3).
  • En mai 2021, la déforestation en Amazonie a augmenté de 41% par rapport à mai 2020. Un nouveau niveau record qui augure du pire pour la saison des incendies qui commence (4).

“C’est parce que BNP Paribas ne semble pas comprendre l’urgence à agir que nous venons tirer la sonnette d’alarme. S’il y avait vraiment le feu dans les agences, est-ce que la banque attendrait 2025 pour éteindre l’incendie?” explique Klervi Le Guenic, chargée de campagne chez Canopée.

BNP fait la sourde oreille. La banque est soumise à la loi sur le devoir de vigilance mais n’a toujours pas intégré des mesures pour réduire son exposition au risque de financer des entreprises dans la déforestation.” ajoute Sylvain Angerand, coordinateur des campagnes chez Canopée.

Près de 140 000 personnes se sont mobilisées pour demander à BNP d’arrêter de financer la déforestation (5). Si dans ses déclarations la banque promeut de grands engagements, ses réponses concrètes ne font en réalité preuve d’aucune ambition. Nous espérons que cette fois-ci, BNP saura user de son leadership à bon escient et renforcer sa politique pour enfin être à la hauteur de l’enjeu.” ajoute Leyla Larbi, chargée de campagne chez SumOfUs.

“BNP Paribas est le premier financeur au monde des activités à risque de déforestation des plus grands traders de soja du Brésil, Cargill et Bunge. Son virage est donc fondamental, mais ne doit être qu’un premier pas vers une transformation nécessaire du secteur financier, qui leur a accordé plus de 2 milliards d’euros entre 2015 et 2020” (6), conclut Nico Muzi, directeur européen chez Mighty Earth.

Contact presse:

Leyla Larbi, Chargée de campagnes, SumOfUs, +33 750 960 130
Klervi Le Guenic, Chargée de campagnes, Canopée, +33 7 52 64 08 54
Nico Muzi, Directeur Européen, Mighty Earth, +32 484 27 87 91

Notes
(1)https://forestsandfinance.org
(2)https://www.mightyearth.org/wp-content/uploads/Mighty-Earth-tracker-update-FRENCH-V2.pdf
(3)https://www.canopee-asso.org/bnp-paribas-donne-5-ans-de-sursis-a-la-deforestation-liee-au-soja/
(4)https://www.oc.eco.br/en/novo-recorde-em-alertas-mostra-que-crime-ditara-taxa-de-desmate/
(5) https://actions.sumofus.org/a/bnp-paribas-stop-a-la-deforestation
(6)https://forestsandfinance.org/

Mighty Earth submit $1bn ‘Green bond’ application to convert Central Park and Hyde Park into rubber plantations


LONDON – Two of the world’s most famous recreational parks – Central Park in New York and Hyde Park in London – could be razed and transformed into huge new industrial rubber plantations under a proposed $1 billion ‘Green bond’ application submitted today by environmental campaign group Mighty Earth.

US-based Mighty Earth released a set of images including of New York's iconic Central Park, and Hyde Park in London, of their audacious plan to deforest and replace these two historic parks with lines of rubber trees as they submitted their $1bn application to the Climate Bonds Initiative (CBI) in London – the body that oversees the booming $1.3 trillion global ‘green bond’ market.

“We’re following in the footsteps of other financiers that have used green bonds to back industrial rubber projects that destroyed rainforests in Indonesia,” said Mighty Earth Campaign Director Alex Wijeratna. “We’re asking the CBI to rubber-stamp a $1 billion ‘Green bond’ to finance the flattening of Central Park and Hyde Park so we can plant thousands of rubber trees.“

“Millions of visitors to these famous parks might be a bit peeved by our rubber reforestation plans,” said Wijeratna. “But we promise we’ll keep a small part of the lake in Central Park intact and leave the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge’s sprawling Royal pad, Kensington Palace, in Hyde Park, untouched, too.”

Mighty Earth’s images show a scarred and unrecognizable landscape and the potentially catastrophic impact of their outlandish plans to bulldoze and industrially ‘reforest’ the iconic 340-hectare Central Park in New York and 253-ha Hyde Park/Kensington Gardens in London, which are renowned for their abundant trees, lakes, wildlife and natural beauty, and together are visited by over 55 million people each year.

Mighty Earth’s application to the CBI and green bond principles standard setting body the International Capital Market Association (ICMA) is designed to draw attention to the burgeoning issue of ‘greenwashing’ linked to self-labelled green bonds and the failure of the CBI to investigate and respond to Mighty Earth’s formal complaint and allegations of widespread deforestation linked to a $95 million CBI-screened ‘green bond’ on French tire maker Michelin’s 70,716-ha joint venture natural rubber project in the rainforests of Jambi, Indonesia.

Mighty Earth alleged in their complaint to the CBI on March 11, 2021, that over five thousand hectares of rainforest in Jambi – a globally significant biodiversity hotspot, that was home to two forest-dependent Indigenous communities and critically endangered Sumatran elephants, tigers and orangutans – was industrially deforested by a subsidiary of Michelin’s local partner. The complaint claims that Michelin’s knowledge of this deforestation was never publicly disclosed to investors when the bonds were sold to green investors on the Singapore Exchange in 2018, in a bond offering arranged by French bank BNP Paribas and facilitated by financiers ADM Capital.

Mighty Earth call for the $95m bond on Michelin’s rubber project to be struck off and delisted as an official CBI-screened green bond. Mighty Earth have had no formal response from the CBI to date and were recently told by CBI’s CEO Sean Kidney that their complaint about massive deforestation was “not a priority” for the CBI.

“Green bonds are plagued by greenwashing and the Climate Bonds Initiative has absolutely no interest in investigating our highly credible but inconvenient allegations of deforestation linked to Michelin’s flagship green bond-financed rubber project in Sumatra,” said Alex Wijeratna. “We’d like to test the CBI’s willingness to turn a blind eye to the deforestation of precious and iconic green spaces by seeing if they would approve of Hyde Park and Central Park being razed, bulldozed, and replanted with a massive industrial rubber tree plantation!”

About Mighty Earth

Mighty Earth is a global environmental campaign organization that works to protect forests, conserve oceans, and address climate change. We work in Southeast Asia, Latin America, Africa, and North America to drive large-scale action towards environmentally responsible agriculture that protects native ecosystems, wildlife, and water, and respects local community rights. Mighty Earth’s team has played a decisive role in persuading the world’s largest food and agriculture companies to dramatically improve their environmental and social policies and practices. More information on Mighty Earth can be found at www.mightyearth.org/.

Contact: Campaign Director, Alex Wijeratna, [email protected] or + 44 (0)1753 370 824.

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Indonesia is putting business before the environment and that could be disastrous for its rainforests


CNN | October 12, 2020 

Indonesia's rainforests are the world's third largest after the Amazon and Africa's Congo Basin and are ecologically important for their rich biodiversity, with animals including elephants, clouded leopards, sun bears and the critically endangered orangutan. Deforestation is already driving many species toward extinction and environmentalists warn that the law could give them a "strong push towards the edge," said Phelim Kine, senior Asia director at environmental campaign group Mighty Earth.

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Chocolate groups gain ground on bean-to-bar tracing


Financial Times | October 7, 2020 

“If the cocoa industry can achieve full traceability it will be huge,” said Etelle Higonnet, senior campaign director at NGO Mighty Earth, noting that if the chocolate sector could achieve supply chain transparency, there was no excuse for other agricultural commodities not to follow suit. The industry, which pledged to eradicate the problem of child labour decades ago, has long faced criticism over its social and environmental impact in the countries where it is grown.

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Indonesian workers stage protests against new labour laws


Al Jazeera | October 6, 2020

…Critics also said the move reduces environmental protections.  Environmental campaign group Mighty Earth said: “Elements of the new law will worsen deforestation and land rights abuses and reverse recent successes in reducing forest loss.”  “The Indonesian parliament made a ruinous false choice between environmental sustainability and economic growth by effectively legitimising uncontrolled deforestation as an engine for a so-called pro-investment job creation policy,” Phelim Kine, senior campaigns director with Mighty Earth said in a statement sent to Al Jazeera.

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cattle_amazon_deforestation

Food companies urge Britain to adopt tougher rules to protect tropical forests


Reuters | October 4, 2020 

The companies want the new British rules to apply to all deforestation - not just in cases where the destruction is illegal. “The proposed legislation would continue to allow rampant deforestation in hotspots such as Indonesia and Brazil,” said Robin Willoughby, UK director of campaign group Mighty Earth.

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French lenders bankroll firms linked to deforestation: analysis


France 24 | February 10, 2020 

French banks have provided almost two billion euros of financial backing to agribusiness groups implicated in deforestation despite a law preventing firms from funding environmental damage, according to new analysis seen by AFP.

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How Ditching the Iowa Caucus Could Remake the Biofuels Debate


The New Republic | February 10, 2020

If politicians no longer coveted that early "Iowa bump," would they still feel compelled to support ethanol subsidies?

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Protesters demonstrate during Tyson’s Shareholders Meeting


4029 News | February 6, 2020

The group ‘Mighty Earth’ held a protest outside the meeting in Springdale.

Dam that threatens orangutan habitat is ‘wholly unnecessary’: Report


Mongabay | January 30, 2020

Proponents of a hydropower plant to be built in the only known habitat of a critically endangered orangutan species say it’s important for meeting the future energy needs of northern Sumatra.

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Ivory Coast: an interactive map follows the deforestation of the cocoa sector


RFI | January 29, 2020 

It is a giant step in the fight against deforestation and for the transparency and traceability of the cocoa sector. The American environmental NGO Mighty Earth has just put on line a very precise map allowing to follow the retreat of the forest, and in particular of the classified forests, and the progress of the cocoa.

Natural rubber platform ‘must address shortcomings’ in 2020


European Rubber Journal | January 23, 2020 

The Global Platform for Sustainable Natural Rubber (GPSNR) needs to address a series of shortcomings if it is to start delivering a truly sustainable value-chain for natural rubber, believes Mighty Earth.

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Africa: End Energy Poverty in Africa to Combat Climate Change


allAfrica | January 8, 2020 

For most Africans, burning charcoal and wood provides the sole source of energy. However, as these fires burn, black carbon and smoke accelerate climate change and are a source of serious health problems and a cause of ongoing forest destruction.

Nestlé ceases to source Brazil soy from Cargill


Feed Navigator | January 8, 2020 

The Wall Street Journal (WSJ) recently reported that the world's largest food and beverage company, Nestlé, has stopped butying Cargill's Brazilian soy because of concerns about the link to deforestation.

Read more.

Death by soy in Brazil’s El Cerrado


La Vangaurdia | December 22, 2019 

Investment funds and large brokers have destroyed 40% of the forests on the southwest plateau of the Amazon

Why Asia, and the rest of the world, need low-carbon steel


Eco-Business | December 17, 2019 

If the steel sector were a country, it would be the world’s fifth-biggest emitter after China, the United States, Europe and India. Can developers and car and appliance makers be galvanised to adopt a new standard for responsible steel?

Read more.

How the makers of M&M’s tried and failed to make their chocolate green


The Independent | November 16, 2019

‘Anytime someone bites on a chocolate bar in the United States, a tree is being cut down,’ Eric Agnero tells.

Read more.

FSC report on palm giant Korindo lists litany of violations


Mongabay | November 11, 2019 

The Forest Stewardship Council has released a batch of heavily redacted reports into its probe of violations by a palm oil company operating in Indonesia, after it was earlier slapped with a cease-and-desist letter.

Read more.

The Trouble with Chocolate


The Washington Post | October 29, 2019

A decade after Mars and other chocolate makers vowed to stop rampant deforestation, the problem has gotten worse.

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Indonesian court fines palm oil firm $18.5m over forest fires in 2015


Mongabay | October 28, 2019 

An Indonesian court has fined a palm oil company $18.5 million for fires that destroyed 970 hectares (2,400 acres) of forest on its concession in Borneo in 2015.

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