Jackson Harris

Media Statement: Mighty Earth responds to $100 million bill for steel manufacturer Cleveland-Cliffs to clean up air quality around Deaborn plant in Michigan

20th October 2023

Washington D.C. -- The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Department of Justice have announced that Ohio steel manufacturer, Cleveland-Cliffs must pay over $100 million for air quality around its Deaborn plant. In a statement, the EPA acknowledged that “breathing lead and manganese pollution can cause various, negative health effects, including impacts to the central nervous system.”  

Responding to the statement, Mighty Earth Senior Director, Decarbonization, Matt Groch said: 

The $100 million settlement with Cleveland-Cliffs to reduce emissions from its Dearborn, Michigan facility should serve as a stark reminder to the company that the era of dirty blast furnaces is coming to an end. For too long fence line communities like Dearborn have dealt with the environmental, health, and economic fallout from dirty steel plants. While this is an important step in mitigating the harm from its Dearborn plant, Cliffs has a long way to go in addressing its larger emissions issues. Just this year, Cliffs announced plans to reline its blast furnace at Burns Harbor, IN whose continued operation would release 68 million tons of CO2 over its lifetime, the equivalent of 18 coal power plants. The future of steel is low-carbon and free of dirty coal. Hopefully, after this $100 million penalty, Cliffs gets that message.” 

For more information or to arrange an interview please contact: 

Sydney Jones, Press Secretary (US-based, EST) 

[email protected] 

+1 561 809 5522 


About Mighty Earth 

Mighty Earth is a global advocacy organization working to defend a living planet.  Our goal is to protect half of Earth for Nature and secure a climate that allows life to flourish.  We are obsessed with impact and aspire to be the most effective environmental advocacy organization in the world. Our team has achieved transformative change by persuading leading industries to dramatically reduce deforestation and climate pollution throughout their global supply chains in palm oil, rubber, and cocoa, while improving livelihoods for Indigenous and local communities across the tropics. 



EU Parliament passes world’s first law to stop deforestation

The European Parliament has overwhelmingly approved a groundbreaking new law in Brussels today that will require companies to demonstrate that their products have not contributed to deforestation if they want to sell them in the EU market.  

Mighty Earth applauds this vote but says there’s more work to be done to ensure all threatened ecosystems, including grasslands, wetlands, and peatlands, are protected.   

The new European Deforestation Regulation (EUDR) applies to beef, soy, palm oil, cocoa, coffee, rubber, and timber, as well as most of the products derived from these commodities like leather, hides and chocolate. 

Alex Wijeratna, Senior Director at Mighty Earth said:  

This landmark vote signals a turning point for the world’s forests and for climate change. For the first time Europe is telling business ‘If you or your suppliers destroy forests, you can’t sell your products here.’” 

“This is great news for the Indigenous people and wildlife who depend on standing forests for their survival, but also for consumers who have been telling governments and companies that they don’t want to dine on deforestation.” 

“There’s more work to be done to plug the dangerous gaps that remain in this ground-breaking EU law; we need to ensure that within a year of the legislation coming into force, “Other Wooded Lands” such as the Cerrado savannah in Brazil are given the same protection.” 


 Notes to Editors: 

  • Agriculture is the biggest driver of deforestation globally, with the meat industry one of the worst climate polluters. 
  • Imports of agricultural imports to Europe are the second largest contributors to global deforestation in the world, after China’s. 
  • A recent poll showed that an overwhelming majority of Europeans (82%) believe businesses should not sell products that destroy the world’s forests and support (81%) the law to ban products that drive deforestation.  
  • There was a groundswell of support for the new law with almost 1.2 million citizens calling on the EU to pass a strong regulation to stop imported deforestation. 

For more information or to arrange an interview please contact: 

Carole Mitchell, Senior Director of Communications (UK-based) 

[email protected] 

+44 7917 105000 

About Mighty Earth 

 Mighty Earth is a global advocacy organization working to defend a living planet.  Our goal is to protect half of Earth for Nature and secure a climate that allows life to flourish.  We are obsessed with impact and aspire to be the most effective environmental advocacy organization in the world. Our team has achieved transformative change by persuading leading industries to dramatically reduce deforestation and climate pollution throughout their global supply chains in palm oil, rubber, cocoa, and animal feed, while improving livelihoods for Indigenous and local communities across the tropics. 



NGO Joint Statement: Co-firing of Biomass in Coal Plants or Conversion of Coal Power Plants to Dedicated Biomass Power Plants is Greenwashing

Biomass accelerates climate change and destroys forest ecosystems

11 April 2023

 In Japan, the co-firing of biomass in coal power plants and conversion of coal-fired power plants to biomass are currently taking place at a rapid pace. Already 31 coal-fired units, or about half of the coal-fired power plants of major power utilities, are co-firing with biomass.[1] At least 40 of the renewable energy feed-in-tariff (FIT) approved biomass power projects are at coal power plants, and 35 of these plants are designated as “inefficient” (sub-critical or super-critical).[2] Biomass co-firing for industrial self-generation at in-house coal-fired power plants and other power plants is also part of Japan’s “Green Transformation” (GX) policy.[3]

Wood pellets are one of the primary biomass fuels used for biomass co-firing at coal plants. With the increase in biomass power generation under the FIT program, imports of wood pellets have increased 61-fold over the past decade to approximately 4.41 million tons in 2022.[4] As the power generation capacity of coal-fired power plants is generally much larger than that of dedicated biomass power plants, further increases in wood pellet imports are expected as biomass co-firing is promoted at coal-fired power plants.[5] This increase in demand for wood pellets is nothing short of an additional burden on forests, whether directly or indirectly.

The undersigned environmental NGOs working on climate change and forest issues, oppose biomass co-firing and the conversion of coal power plants to dedicated biomass power plants for the following reasons:

  1. Accelerates climate change:
    • Burning biomass emits CO2: 
      • Biomass power generation is thermal power generation, and the combustion of biomass fuels emits large amounts of CO2 into the atmosphere. Even though the carbon emission coefficient of wood is greater than that of coal,[6] the Japanese government considers it to be “carbon neutral” and does not account for CO2 emissions from combustion.[7] Moreover, when forests are cleared to produce biomass fuels, the carbon that the forests have stored in the trees and soil over a long period of time is released into the atmosphere. There is no guarantee that cleared forests will recover to their original state, and even if they do, it will take decades to centuries to completely restore the CO2 released into the atmosphere. In addition to this, CO2 derived from fossil fuel use is generated at each stage of harvesting, processing, and transportation. Japan relies on imports for most of its wood pellets,[8] which emits large amounts of GHGs during transportation. To regard biomass power generation as “carbon neutral,” ignoring the CO2 emissions throughout its lifecycle, the years required for forests recovery and the possibility that forests will not recover, is a great risk that will accelerate climate change.
    • Prolonging the life of coal-fired power stations:
      • In order to meet the Paris Agreement’s 1.5 ℃ target, OECD countries need to phase out coal-fired power by 2030. However, Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) uses a formula that deducts the biomass inputs for co-firing from coal inputs, which enables inefficient coal power plants to appear efficient and thereby extend their lives.[9]
      • An expert has estimated that the CO2 emission coefficient for a coal-fired power plant without biomass co-firing is 0.84kg-CO2/kWh, while it increases to 0.85kg-CO2/kWh when a coal-fired plant with 38% power generation efficiency co-fires 5% biomass.[10] In addition, the conversion or retrofitting of coal-fired power plants to dedicated biomass combustion is being considered,[11] in which case the CO2 emission coefficient would be 1.03 kg-CO2/kWh.
  1. Destroys forest ecosystems:
    • Prolonging the life of coal-fired power stations: 
      • Most of the woody biomass fuel used for large-scale biomass power generation as well as biomass co-firing coal-fired power generation is imported from Southeast Asia and North America.[12] Future attempts to supply large quantities of biomass fuels will increase pressure for deforestation. The impacts caused by biomass fuels production on ecosystems, such as deforestation, forest degradation, and biodiversity loss, is immeasurable. Cases have been reported of natural forests, including primary forests in North America, being cleared to produce woody biomass fuels. It is not easy for destroyed forest ecosystems to restore their function, and it is impossible for them to recover to a qualitatively equivalent ecosystem. The guidelines for developing project plans under the FIT subsidy program do not have clear standards for the sustainability of woody biomass fuels, and any such standards are not applied to non-FIT biomass power generation. Biomass power generation threatens ecosystems and biodiversity, and undermines the very concept of renewable energy, which is intended to reduce the burden on the environment.

Hereby, we urge the Japanese government to take following measures:

  • Achieve a coal exit as soon as possible, regardless of biomass co-firing.
  • Do not support biomass co-firing or dedicated biomass power plants.
  • Exclude biomass power generation that uses fuels other than waste from the definition of renewable energy. and do not provide subsidies or other support.
  • Require that CO2 emissions from biomass combustion be accounted for at the power plant level.
  • Count CO2 emissions from biomass combustion by the consuming country and incorporate this into their carbon accounting.


Signatories (90 organizations)

Friends of the Earth Japan


Greenpeace Japan




Kiko Network


Global Environmental Forum


Japan Tropical Forest Action Network


Istitute for Sustainable Energy Policies


Japan Center for a Sustainable Environment and Society


Climate Action Network Japan(CAN-Japan)


Citizens Alliance for Saving the Atmosphere and the Earth (CASA)




350.org Japan


Forests, Climate and Biomass Working Group - Environmental Paper Network


Mighty Earth


350 Eugene


350 Triangle


AbibiNsroma Foundation


Australian Forests and Climate Alliance




Blue Dalian


Castlemaine Residents Against Biomass


Center for Biological Diversity


Central California Environmental Justice Network


Coast Range Association


Coastal Plain Conservation Group


Comite Schone Lucht | Clean Air Committee NL


Community Partners Across the South


Conservation North


Consumers' Association of Penang


De Bomenbond


De Klimaatcoalitie


Doctors and Scientists Against Wood Smoke Pollution (DSAWSP)


Dogwood Alliance


Earth Action, Inc.


Earth Neighborhood Productions






Endangered Species Coalition


Environment East Gippsland inc


EPIC- Environmental Protection Information Center


Federatie tegen Biomassacentrales




FIAN Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka

Forest Watch Indonesia


Forum Ökologie & Papier


Friends of the Clearwater


Friends of the Earth US


Gippsland Environment Group


Global Justice Ecology Project


Great Old Broads for Wilderness, Cascade-Volcanoes Chapter

United States

Green Cove Defense Committee


Green Longjiang


Green Snohomish


Himalaya Niti Abhiyan


Hunter Knitting Nannas


Independent Forestry Monitoring Network (JPIK)


John Muir Project


Kaoem Telapak


Kitsap Environmental Coalition


Landelijk Netwerk Bossen- en Bomenbescherming




Maíra Institute


Natural Resources Defense Council


Nature Nova Scotia


NC Climate Solutions Coalition

United States

No Electricity from Forests


Ole Siosiomaga Society Incorporated (OLSSI)




Partnership for Policy Integrity


Pivot Point


Fridays For Future Sendai Japan



River coalition

Czech Republic

Sahabat Alam Malaysia (Friends of the Earth)


Save Estonia's Forests (Päästame Eesti Metsad)


Scholar Tree Alliance


Snow Alliance


Solutions for Our Climate

South Korea

South East Region Conservation Alliance (SERCA)


Southern Environmental Law Center


Spruill Farm Conservation Project


Southern Forests Conservation Coalition




Standing Trees


Sunflower Alliance


The Corner House


Thurston Climate Action Team


Trend Asia


Utah Physicians for a Healthy Environment


Wild Nature Institute


WOLF Forest protection movement



[1] The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), Outline of Interim Report of the Working Group to Study Coal-fired Power Plants, p.27, <https://www.meti.go.jp/shingikai/enecho/denryoku_gas/denryoku_gas/sekitan_karyoku_wg/20210423_report.html>

[2] Prepared by FoE Japan based on the data from the website of the Agency for Natural Resources and Energy and the database of Japan Beyond Coal (See Appendix 1

[3] METI, ‘Embodiment of Policy Initiatives to Realise GX’, p.29, p.31, p.33 <https://www.meti.go.jp/shingikai/sankoshin/sangyo_gijutsu/green_transformation/pdf/011_01_00.pdf>

[4] The Ministry of Finance, ‘Trade Statistics’ (See Appendix 2)

[5] J-Power, a major Japanese coal-fired power utility company, and Enviva, a world leading wood pellets manufacturing company in the U.S., signed a memorandum of understanding to jointly establish a system producing and supplying 5 million tons of wood pellets annually. <https://www.jpower.co.jp/english/news_release/pdf/news211117e.pdf>

[6] Center for Global Environmental Research, National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report of JAPAN 2022, p.3-16 <https://www.nies.go.jp/gio/archive/nir/jqjm10000017uzyw-att/NIR-JPN-2022-v3.0_GIOweb.pdf>

[7] The GHG Protocol and SBTi, which are the global standard for corporate GHG emissions calculation and reporting methods, require that CO2 emissions from biomass used for energy to be reported as corporate emissions.

  1. i) World Business Council for Sustainable Development, World Resources Institute, ‘ The Greenhouse Gas Protocol -A Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard, Revised Edition’ , p.63, <https://ghgprotocol.org/sites/default/files/standards/ghg-protocol-revised.pdf>
  2. ii) Science Based Targets Initiative, SBTI corporate net zero standards, p.24 <https://www.env.go.jp/earth/ondanka/supply_chain/gvc/files/tools/Net-Zero-Standard_v1.0_jp.pdf>

[8] The Ministry of Finance, ‘Trade Statistics’ and the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, ‘Survey of Production Statistics on Special Forest Products’ (See Appendix 3)

[9] METI, Outline of Interim Report of the Working Group to Study Coal-fired Power Plants, p.1, <https://www.meti.go.jp/shingikai/enecho/denryoku_gas/denryoku_gas/sekitan_karyoku_wg/20210423_report.html>

[10] Global Environmental Forum, Reference ‘CO2 emissions from biomass power plants’ provided at the webinar ‘In the shadow of “Carbon Neutral” -CO2 emissions from biomass power generation and coal co-firing’, p.6, <https://www.gef.or.jp/wp-content/uploads/2022/12/bbd4731754105f73e348ee35cca7119c.pdf>

[11] METI, Reference 4 ‘Securing Investment in Power Sources’, p.28 <https://www.meti.go.jp/shingikai/enecho/denryoku_gas/denryoku_gas/seido_kento/061.html>

[12] The amount of waste biomass in Japan is limited and most of it has already been used.

Body count rises to sixteen at controversial Batang Toru dam in Indonesia after tunnel collapses.

This latest tragedy during the construction of the Batang Toru hydroelectric dam, brings the number of workers and families killed, in less than two years, to sixteen. In the latest incident on Sunday (21st August 2022) a Chinese construction worker was crushed when part of a tunnel collapsed.  

Responding to this latest tragedy, Amanda Hurowitz, Mighty Earth’s Senior Program Director for Southeast Asia said:  

“Our thoughts are with the family and co-workers of the latest victim to lose his life in such tragic circumstances. But the question is: How many more lives are going to be lost, or workers injured, in the construction of this ill-conceived and unnecessary dam before the project is stopped in its tracks?”  

“The Batang Toru ecosystem is wholly unsuitable for this project. This dam is located in a highly sensitive area, home to the Tapanuli orangutan, the world’s most endangered Great Ape. Repeated landslides have killed fifteen individuals, and now a tunnel collapse has claimed yet another life. It seems like this project is just cursed, and it’s time for its backers to cut their losses.”  

“This project has recently been bought for $277mn by China’s State Development and Investment Corporation. The Chinese government involvement conflicts with China’s role as the host of the Convention on Biological Diversity later this year. The optics for China on this one are bad. It can’t claim to the world to be protecting biodiversity if it pushes ahead with this dam, threatening a whole species of orangutan with extinction. We hope that China will instead use its influence to protect Batang Toru and its iconic wildlife, as part of its many efforts to support an ecologically harmonious civilization. Changing the direction of this project  would show China is serious about realizing its commitments to Nature and climate.” 


  • This ill-conceived Chinese backed Indonesian dam project came to worldwide attention in 2017 when scientists identified a new species of great ape living in the forests of Batang Toru. The Tapanuli Orangutan, numbering only 800, is the most endangered species of ape in the world. The dam and associated infrastructure by bisecting their habitat threatens their very existence.[i] 
  • Analysis of predicted electricity demand in the region has shown that the electricity that would be produced by the dam may not even be needed. [ii] 
  • This project has become a risky bet for major financiers. Multilateral development banks such as the International Finance Corporation (IFC) have also pulled out of the project[iii], as have private investment banks like Goldman Sachs.[iv] The Asian Infrastructure Development Bank has declined to finance the project. And, the Bank of China has suspended its involvement.[v] 
  • The Tapanuli orangutan faces other threats associated with habitat loss, including land clearing associated with the Martabe gold mine, owned, and operated by companies linked with to Astra Agro Lestari and British conglomerate Jardines Matheson.[vi] 


  1. https://news.mongabay.com/2019/02/what-does-it-take-to-discover-a-new-great-ape-species/https://www.mightyearth.org/2019/03/07/batang-toru/ 
  1. Dam that threatens orangutan habitat is ‘wholly unnecessary’: Report (mongabay.com) 
  1. Bank of China’s Notes on the Hydroelectric Dam Project in Batang Toru of Indonesia (boc.cn) 
  1. Dam that threatens orangutan habitat faces three-year delay (mongabay.com) 
  1. Dam threatening world’s rarest great ape faces delays | Science | AAAS (sciencemag.org) 
  1. https://www.independent.ie/world-news/asia-pacific/fears-rare-orangutan-being-driven-to-extinction-by-gold-mine-39508396.html 

Request for Proposals: Security Assessment and Risk Mitigation Development of Protocols and Training Assets

We Seek:

Mighty Earth is seeking an agency or independent consultant to assess, make recommendations for risk mitigation, and create training for our organization, staff, and local partners.

About Mighty Earth:

Mighty Earth is a global advocacy organization working to defend a living planet. We are obsessed with impact: Our goal is to protect half of Earth for Nature and secure a climate that allows life to flourish. Through our proven “perfect storm” model of driving change, we have played a leading role in persuading the world’s largest food and agriculture companies to act against deforestation, land-grabbing, and human rights abuse. We’ve driven the adoption of multi-billion-dollar shifts to clean energy.

Mighty Earth runs policy and markets-based campaigns around the globe, targeting governments and companies. Our organization has achieved transformative change by persuading leading industries to dramatically reduce deforestation and climate pollution throughout their global supply chains in palm oil, rubber, cocoa, and animal feed while improving livelihoods for Indigenous and local communities.


Our staff and partners operate in countries designated by the US State Department with threat levels of two or higher. We seek a consultant to help provide security assessments and risk mitigation for:

• Cyber security

• In-country security while traveling

• Partner security

Cyber Security or E-Security

The security of our information stored online and on employee devices permanently based in the EU, UK, US or elsewhere is essential. We want an assessment of current platforms and practices related to them and training on best practices. We want to evaluate our existing systems and platforms (email, file sharing, video conferencing, communications tolls) to determine if we use best practices and if our tools are secure, current, and used correctly and consistently, including during travel. We want recommendations for changes and staff training.

Security for Partners

We work with small and large NGOs, local community members on the ground, and contractors. We want to develop a consistent organizational approach to working with these partners to identify and mitigate the possible risks related to our partnership. In particular, we'd like to provide training and support to our team members so they can assess risk and provide a mitigation framework for our work with contractors, partners, and sub-grantees. We want a document outlining fundamental principles for ensuring team member and partner safety, guidance in addressing security with partners (including their own travel, personal, organizational, and cyber security), and a framework for developing context-appropriate protocols to use with partners. We would also like our team members trained in these principles and how to deploy these protocols. Specifically, we are interested in; 1) how to work with partners to identify context-specific risks (which might involve a checklist); and 2) security protocols based on that risk assessment, covering things such as travel, legal risk, organizational operations, e-security, gender-specific risks.

These protocols should be tailored to assess risk for our sub-grantee organizations, partners, and contractors. They should be general enough in scope to use them across all of our geographies, including Southeast Asia, South America (Columbia, Brazil, etc.), and West Africa – including Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, and Cameroon, and yet identity location-specific risks that may be present.

Proposal Requirements:

All proposals should include:

• Detailed plans for the three specific areas of work: cyber security, in-country security while traveling, and partner security.

• Experience working in this area and relevant expertise.

• Examples of your work, including groups you have worked with

• Timeline and needs.

Please contact Cindy Schwartz ([email protected]) to submit a proposal and questions. Please also notify her if you are planning to submit a proposal. Proposals must be submitted by July 31; we anticipate finalizing our decision in August. Mighty Earth will evaluate proposals based on the following factors: budgetary feasibility, vendor’s experience and success in similar ventures, and vendor’s knowledge.

Offers will be rejected if any illegal or corrupt practices took place in connection with the award. All contracts executed under the project must state that Mighty Earth may terminate the agreement if it finds illegal or corrupt practices connected to the contract execution.

Thanks so much for your interest, and we look forward to hearing from you.

Ukrainian organizations call on Cargill to exit Russia

Ukrainian environmental and agricultural organizations issued a letter Tuesday to Cargill to exit Russia in response to its invasion of Ukraine. Local allies delivered the letter to Cargill headquarters in Minnetonka, Minnesota (hi-res photos available for download and publication here; credit Cici Yixuan Wu).
“War in Ukraine is a tragedy not only for people but also for the environment. Cargill must continue to take a hard look at the impact of its continuing to send tax revenue to support the Russian invasion,” said Yehor Hrynyk of the Ukrainian Nature Conservation Group, speaking from Ukraine, one of the signers.
Cargill is one of the last major US companies to remain in Russia, and has cited its belief that food "should never be used as a weapon,” even as its tax dollars fuel the Russian military’s efforts cut-off of food supplies to Ukrainian cities it is shelling.
Other Ukraininian signers listed below. Many of the staff and volunteers of the signatory organizations are now in the military or refugees, but are continuing their work to safeguard Ukrainian national parks and protected areas, fight illegal logging, and pollution caused by the war.
Kevin Whelan, Mighty Earth Minnesota

Korean and Japanese civic groups urge President Moon and Prime Minister Kishida to end support for biomass

Media Release: Korean and Japanese civic groups urge President Moon and Prime Minister Kishida to end support for biomass

Credit: Conservation North

October 21, 2021 

Despite enhancing their climate goals, Japan and South Korea are increasingly burning forest biomass for electricity, devastating forest ecosystems and carbon sinks globally, environmental groups point out. Advocates delivered a joint statement demanding the two countries’ governments shift away from the unsustainable fuel source.

As Japan and South Korea head to the COP26 climate change summit in a week, environmental groups from both countries urged for the end of large-scale biomass given its impacts on greenhouse gas emissions and forest ecosystems in a briefing organized by Solutions for Our Climate (SFOC), Global Environmental Forum (GEF), Mighty Earth, Biomass Industrial Society Network (BIN), and Korea Federation for Environmental Movements (KFEM).

“We are very concerned about the massive increase in demand by Korea and Japan for forest biomass and the impacts this is having on the health of forests in Canada, the Southeastern United States, Vietnam and beyond,” said Roger Smith, Japan Director for Mighty Earth, at the briefing on Thursday. This day kicked off the International Day of Action on Big Biomass, where groups in Australia, Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia highlighted biomass’s deforestation, climate, and biodiversity impacts through various campaign actions and events.

“Burning forest biomass to make electricity also worsens climate change by releasing stored carbon into the atmosphere, so we urge both countries to stop building more biomass power plants and apply strict greenhouse gas emissions limits to existing biomass-burning power plants,” Smith added.

In South Korea, electricity from biomass increased more than 75 percent annually between 2012 and 2019. Such growth has led to over 3 million tons of wood pellet imports and a dramatic increase in domestic wood pellet production. Similarly, Japan saw an increase in imported wood pellets from 72,000 tons to 2 million tons per year between 2012 and 2020.

Soojin Kim, senior researcher at SFOC, noted that Renewable Energy Certificates for biomass are main drivers of its rapid growth in Korea: “Biomass in Korea currently receives duplicate subsidies from both the energy and forest sectors, and support for biomass limits the development of renewables like solar and wind.”

Referring to data submitted to National Assembly Member Soyoung Lee by Korea South-East Power Co., Kim also expressed concerns about the sustainability of biomass: “Air pollution and carbon emissions per unit of energy from biomass are higher than for coal. Local residents are opposing construction plans of biomass power plants.” Kim added that both imported biomass and domestic pellets are often sourced from unsustainable forestry practices, such as clear cutting.

Miyuki Tomari from Biomass Industrial Society Network (BIN) explained that similar to Korea, the current institutional support in Japan promotes power generation using imported biomass: “Imported biomass does not lead to Japan’s energy self-sufficiency, has limited benefits for local communities, and tends to have higher lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions.”

In a joint statement presented at the briefing, the environmental groups urged Prime Minister Kishida Fumio of Japan and President Moon Jae-In of South Korea to implement renewable energy policies that protect forests before the upcoming COP26 summit. They called on the leaders to ensure that “all types of renewable energy contribute to near-term emissions reductions, and to show strong political commitments on forests and land-use through actions such as halting deforestation by 2030.”

“Importing over five million tons of biomass together a year, Korea and Japan are among the largest bioenergy importers. However, while the international community is accelerating the move to end unsustainable biomass, Korea and Japan are bucking this trend,” said Hansae Song, research associate at SFOC. “In order to avoid the stigma of being ‘biomass climate villains,’ and of course, to actually achieve 2050 carbon neutrality, it is urgent that the two governments change their renewable energy policies.”

For media inquiries, contact:

Roger Smith, Japan Director, Mighty Earth [email protected]

Euijin Kim, Communications Officer, Solutions for Our Climate, [email protected]

A recording of the briefing is available here:

The full NGO statement is available here:

Japan-South Korea NGO Statement on Biomass

Mighty Earth Activists in Brussels Urge the EU to Protect Threatened Habitats

Mighty Earth Activists in Brussels Urge the EU to Protect Threatened Habitats

October 21, 2021 

On the eve of the crucial COP26 climate negotiations, due to begin in Glasgow at the end of the month, Mighty Earth activists from four continents are meeting this week with officials from the European Commission, urging them to strengthen pending legislation aimed at preventing consumer goods linked to deforestation from entering the European Union. The delegation has also been meeting with major European companies, industry associations, and journalists.

Following a 2019 EU Communication, and a 2020 resolution by the European Parliament, the Commission has been developing legislative proposal that will make it illegal to place goods into the European market that have been produced by destroying forests. This will most likely include commodities such as soy, palm oil, wood, beef, coffee, and cocoa.

While this represents a major step forward in the fight against global deforestation, Mighty Earth is concerned that the proposals may contain significant loopholes, including overlooking key forest-risk commodities such as natural rubber and leather. Worryingly, the draft legislation also excludes agricultural commodities grown in other threatened habitats and massive carbon sinks, such as Brazil’s Cerrado, Indonesia’s peatlands, and El Pantanal wetland ecosystems shared by Bolivia, Brazil and Paraguay. Each one of these ecosystems have immense biodiversity importance and play a vital role in maintaining climate stability. Additionally, there is concern that human rights abuses associated with the production of commodities will also be ignored in this landmark legislation.

The “Fab five”

Mighty Earth’s five representatives – Gina Méndez, Nico Muzi, Julian Oram, Annisa Rahmawati, and Amourlaye Touré – have been bringing stories from the frontlines of deforestation and human rights abuses linked to agricultural production. Below, Gina, Annisa, Amourlaye and Julian explain why they have come to Brussels, and share the message they are bringing to the officials and companies they are meeting with.

Gina Méndez – Bolivia

I am from Bolivia, a country that in the last few years experienced the world’s second-highest rate of deforestation. Before we were one of the top three countries to protect our forest, now we hold the opposite position.

I am a former a Congresswoman, Minister of justice and human rights and the first female Mayor of Santa Cruz, my hometown, which is now the epicentre of deforestation in Bolivia.

Seeing the devastation of our incredible biodiverse forest made me determined to quit public administration after 15 years of service and start a citizens movement to protect and restore Bolivia’s forests from the devastating expansion of soy and cattle production. I named the movement El Llamado del Bosque. I ran a public campaign and gathered 600 signatures from national leaders of all walks of life, including journalists, historians, artists, indigenous leaders, businessmen and scientists.

Given the accelerating rate of forest destruction in my country – the Santa Cruz region lost 4 million hectares to the massive forest fires of 2019 – I see my visit to Brussels as a great opportunity to advocate for a strong EU anti-deforestation law. An ambitious EU regulation will provide our business leaders with a powerful incentive to produce soy, beef and leather without bulldozing our forests and savannahs. Thus, the upcoming EU law must include all types of beef (including processed beef) and leather, a co-product with huge profit margins for the industry.

We are also very concerned that by only protecting forests, soy and beef expansion in South America will shift from the Amazon basin and the dry forests of Gran Chaco to the savannahs of Brazil (Cerrado) and Bolivia, as well as El Pantanal wetlands. That’s why I am urging the cabinets of Commissioner SinkeviVius and Vice-President Timmermans to expand the scope of ecosystems to include savannas, peatlands and wetlands.

 Annisa Rahmawati – Indonesia

I took a long journey to come to Brussels all the way from Indonesia, a major producer of forest-risk commodities including palm oil and rubber. For many years, environmental activists in Southeast Asia have been calling on the industry to ensure that they protect our forests and other valuable ecosystems and uphold the human rights with the implementation of NDPE (No Deforestation, No Peat, No Exploitation) commitments.

The EU move to propose a law to break the link between consumption in Europe and deforestation worldwide could become a powerful catalyst to align public-private commitments in Indonesia and Malaysia. It would also send an important signal to the world that we need to protect natural ecosystems to tackle the climate crisis threatening our very existence.

Throughout my life, I have witnessed the fires and haze caused by the destruction of our forests and peatlands, and how it has made our people suffer. These fires were started to make way for palm oil plantations to cater to EU demand for the edible oil. We have learned that peatlands are essential ecosystems for our survival in this climate crisis, and thus need to be protected by the upcoming EU law. Otherwise, it could create a perverse incentive to shift palm oil production from the rainforest to peatlands.

Furthermore, the law also needs to protect local communities and tackle human rights abuses linked to commodity production in countries like Indonesia. Goods imported to Europe should not be tainted by environmental destruction or human rights violations.

 Amourlaye Touré – Ivory Coast

I live and work in Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast), where I have worked on human rights and environmental justice issues for over 20 years.

In the space of a century, Côte d’Ivoire has lost 70% of its forests, mainly for agriculture, with cocoa (of which the country is the leading producer) as the primary cause of deforestation. The situation is almost identical in neighbouring Ghana, with both countries producing 65% of the world’s cocoa each year. The remaining little forest cover is under threat, despite official proclamations.

The Cocoa and Forests Initiative (CFI) raised high hopes when it was launched in late 2017. However, its promises regarding the fight against any further deforestation are not being fulfilled in any meaningful way. Today, the situation is no longer tenable, especially since only about 6% of the annual $100 billion from cocoa goes to producers living in poverty. Alarming estimates have been made of when the Ivorian forest and certain endemic animal species will likely disappear.

There is an urgent need for the EU to act, especially since cashew nuts, of which Côte d’Ivoire is also the world’s leading producer, are attacking the savannah in the centre and the north. The country is thus caught between two deforestations at its southern (cocoa) and northern ends (cashew nuts). This threat is vital for the countries of Africa’s hinterland. Indeed, the greener, forested West Africa Atlantic coast countries constitute a barrier that was supposed to slow the advance of the desert.

Hence, we urge the EU to think holistically and cover all critical natural ecosystems and commodities with their anti-deforestation law.   

Julian Oram – UK

For the past twenty years, I have been working to promote more sustainable models of tropical agriculture and forest commodity production, having witnessed first-hand the devastation and terrible rights abuses associated with exploitative commodity production systems in many parts of the world. Since 2019 I’ve led Mighty Earth’s work on rubber, and more recently also on cocoa.

While cocoa is likely to be covered by the pending EU legislation, rubber is potentially excluded. This would be a terrible mistake. Over the past 20 years, rubber has been a major driver of tropical deforestation and wildlife habitat destruction, particularly in the Greater Mekong region of SE Asia. The EU has conducted an impact assessment which deemed rubber less significant than other tropical commodities. However, this assessment only considered unprocessed rubber imports, whereas the large majority of rubber imported into the EU is embedded in processed consumer goods, such as automobile tires.

From our work, we also know that rubber has been linked to terrible human rights abuses and extensive land-grabbing. With the EU’s demand for natural rubber set to rise steadily over the next decade, its crucial the legislation covers this essential and irreplaceable commodity.

 Nico Muzi – EU

I have been campaigning and communicating on climate change in Brussels for the past 15 years. My passion for land issues and connection with agriculture is deeply rooted:  I grew up in Argentina, watching my dad rearing cattle and planting wheat to the south of Buenos Aires.

My passion is clearly shared by a large proportion of EU consumers. A record 1.2 million citizens urged the Commission to go beyond forest protection and include natural ecosystems such as savannas, wetlands and peatlands in the law – the second most participated public consultation in the history of the EU.

Businesses also support strong regulation: more than 70 big companies such as supermarket chains Carrefour and Lidl, food processors like Danone and Ferrero (and even Groupe Avril, France’s largest animal feed producer) urged the EU to protect other threatened habitats and protect human rights.

Unfortunately, the leaked EU anti-deforestation law has several loopholes big enough to drive a bulldozer through! These are:

  • Exclusion of natural ecosystems such as savannas, peatlands and wetlands
  • Exclusion of top forest-risk commodities and co-products: rubber, leather and processed beef
  • Exclusion of international human rights standards, especially customary land rights
  • Weakened liability

If Vice President Timmermans and Commissioner SinkeviVius are serious about protecting and restoring the world’s forests and other key biodiversity hotspots, the upcoming law must close those loopholes. European citizens and local communities in the frontlines of deforestation will thank them for their service to humanity, wildlife and the global climate. The Commission is clearly not alone in this fight.

U.S. Companies’ Complicity in Illegal Deforestation

Today, Mighty Earth joined with a number of civil society organizations in commending Senator Brian Schatz (D-HI) and Representatives Earl Blumenauer (D-OR) and Brian Fitzpatrick (R-PA) for introducing the FOREST Act, a landmark plan to require importers of high-risk agricultural commodities and products to analyze supply chains and show evidence that their imports are not contributing to illegal deforestation. The Senate bill has several cosponsors including Senators Warren (D-MA), Booker (D-NJ), Heinrich (D-NM), Coons (D-DE), Merkeley (D-OR), Whitehouse (D-RI), and Murphy (D-CT). The joint press release announcing the introduction is here, and an open letter from Mighty Earth and many other civil society organizations is here.

In response, Glenn Hurowitz, CEO of Mighty Earth, released the following statement:

“It’s just common sense that companies should only sell legally-produced deforestation free goods to Americans. Most Americans don’t want to worry that biting into a Big Mac is endangering sloths or jaguars.   In an age of transparency and accountability, it’s simply no longer acceptable for companies to claim ignorance about the origins of their products. It’s not okay for U.S. companies to be complicit in deforestation.”

“Senator Schatz’s FOREST Act is a landmark piece of legislation that would require companies to understand where their products come from. And it will help them get there: the financial and technical help in this plan will go a long way toward rebuilding the sort of international partnerships we need to tackle the climate crisis.”

Líderes nacionales y organizaciones internacionales unen fuerzas en auxilio de los bosques bolivianos


600 líderes de Bolivia que firmaron entre 2017 y 2021 El Pacto del Bosque reciben la adhesión de más de 20 organizaciones internacionales que coinciden en la necesidad de encontrar soluciones reales para frenar la alarmante deforestación en Bolivia (Informe Fundación para la Conservación del Bosque Chiquitano - FCBC), causa principal de los incendios forestales que arrasaron con 9,7 millones de hectáreas en el país (Informe Fundación Amigos de la Naturaleza - FAN). El Bosque Seco Chiquitano localizado en el Departamento de Santa Cruz, el más grande del continente, ha sido severamente afectado por la deforestación ligada al desarrollo de actividades agropecuarias extensivas y el incremento en asentamientos irregulares (Deforestación Bajo Paraguá).

Las organizaciones internacionales Action for Bolivia, Birdlife International, Canopée – Forests Vivantes, Changing Markets, Comissão Pastoral da Terra - Brasil,  Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH), Dogwood Alliance, Earthworm Foundation, Envol Vert, France Nature Environnement (FNE), Global Witness, Justice and Environment, National Wildlife Federation, Notre Affaire à Tous, NRDC, Mighty Earth, Rainforest Foundation USA, Reclaim Finance, Rights and Resources Initiative, Seattle Avocats, Tropenbos International y ZERO - Associação Sistema Terrestre Sustentável unen sus voces en auxilio de los bosques bolivianos adhiriéndose al Pacto del Bosque.

El Pacto del Bosque representa la profunda preocupación que tienen ante la deforestación, líderes de opinión y personalidades de reconocida de trayectoria en Bolivia, entre los que figuran: periodistas, historiadores, artistas, jóvenes independientes, ambientalistas, líderes de pueblos indígenas, políticos, empresarios, cívicos, científicos y académicos y constituye el respaldo a la Plataforma El Llamado del Bosque para buscar acuerdos, alianzas estratégicas y gestionar acciones para conservar el patrimonio natural del país.

Gina Méndez, fundadora de la iniciativa ciudadana El Llamado del Bosque, comentó: “Necesitamos industrias que oferten productos agropecuarios producidos de manera sostenible cuidando el equilibrio de los ecosistemas, dado que existe un mercado internacional emergente para estos commodities - libre de fuego y deforestación - que tienen alta demanda y rentabilidad. Es importante aprender de experiencias exitosas y acuerdos entre gobierno, industria y sociedad civil en Sudamérica que lograron detener la destrucción del patrimonio natural sin socavar el potencial productivo de los países agroexportadores.”

Existen experiencias exitosas de acuerdos entre gobierno, industria y sociedad civil en Sudamérica que lograron detener la destrucción del patrimonio natural sin socavar el potencial exportador de los países agroexportadores.

En el año 2006, las principales comercializadoras de soya de Brasil, el Gobierno brasileño y la sociedad civil firmaron un acuerdo para evitar la expansión de la soya en la selva amazónica y así conservar el pulmón del mundo. Gracias al acuerdo, el área ocupada por el cultivo de soya en la Amazonia brasileña se duplicó, de 1,35 a 3,65 millones de hectáreas (2008-2015), sin que esto haya significado más deforestación, en razón a que la producción se expandió en tierras ya desmontadas.

“Luego del apoyo masivo de personalidades importantes de la sociedad boliviana y el espaldarazo de organizaciones ambientalistas de Europa y Estados Unidos, invitamos públicamente a la industria agropecuaria del país, ANAPO, CAO y FEGASACRUZ, a que se unan a este diálogo abierto que busca una solución duradera para un problema común urgente: la destrucción entre otros, del Bosque Seco Chiquitano,” el bosque más grande y mejor conservado del continente, concluyó Gina Méndez.

Europa mira atenta a la producción agropecuaria responsable y libre de deforestación para satisfacer la creciente exigencia de sus consumidores.

“El apetito voraz del consumidor europeo está alimentando la destrucción de las selvas y bosques de Sudamérica. Sin embargo, gracias al trabajo de organizaciones de la sociedad civil, el ciudadano europeo es cada vez más consciente del impacto negativo de su consumo y está comenzado a exigir a supermercados y restaurantes productos libres de deforestación. Creemos que los sectores agrícolas y ganaderos en Bolivia tienen la oportunidad de producir sin devastar el Bosque Seco Chiquitano y otras áreas boscosas de gran biodiversidad,” subrayó Nico Muzi, director para Europa de la organización ambiental global Mighty Earth, representante de una de las organizaciones firmantes.

Bolivia leaders and international organizations join forces to rescue Bolivian forests


Over the past five years, 600 civil society leaders and Bolivian organizations signed El Pacto del Bosque. Today they are joined by more than 20 international organizations that agree on the urgent need to find real solutions to stop the alarming deforestation rate in Bolivia (FCBC Report). Deforestation is the leading cause of the massive forest fires that ravaged more than 9 million hectares of protected national parks and forests in the Department of Santa Cruz between 2019 and 2020 (FAN Report). The Chiquitano Dry Forest, the largest tropical dry forest on the continent, has been severely affected by the deforestation linked to agriculture and cattle ranching and the increase in irregular human settlements.

Among the different international organizations endorsing El Pacto del Bosque are Action for Bolivia, Birdlife International, Canopée - Forets Vivantes, Changing Markets, Comissão Pastoral da Terra - Brasil, Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH), Dogwood Alliance, Earthworm Foundation, Envol Vert, France Nature Environnement (FNE), Global Witness, Justice and Environment, National Wildlife Federation, Notre Affaire à Tous, NRDC, Mighty Earth, Rainforest Foundation USA, Reclaim Finance, Rights and Resources Initiative, Seattle Avocats, Tropenbos International, and ZERO - Associação Sistema Terrestre Sustentável.

The alarming deforestation rate in Bolivia has raised the interest of well-known personalities, including journalists, historians, artists, environmentalists, indigenous leaders, businessmen, citizens, and scientists who have joined forces behind El Pacto del Bosque. This initiative is led by the grassroots organization El Llamado del Bosque, which urgently seeks to find agreements, build strategic alliances and engage in actions intended to conserve the country's natural heritage.

"We need industry to offer sustainable agricultural products that preserve fragile ecosystems. There’s a growing international market for these commodities, free of fires and deforestation, with high demand and high profit margins. It’s important to learn from successful examples of agreements between government, industry, and civil society in South America that have managed to stop the destruction of the country's natural heritage and biodiversity without undermining the country’s' agro-export potential," said Gina Méndez, founder of the organization El Llamado del Bosque.

In 2006, the leading soy traders in Brazil, the Brazilian government and civil society signed an agreement to prevent the expansion of soy production in the Amazon rainforest. This agreement allowed for the expansion of soybean cultivation, doubling from 1.35 to 3.65 million hectares (2008-2015), without causing further deforestation since production only expanded on to previously cleared land.

"With massive support from significant Bolivian stakeholders, and now with the ample support of environmental organizations in Europe and the United States, we publicly invite the country's soybean and cattle sector bodies, ANAPO, CAO and FEGASACRUZ, to join this open dialogue that seeks a long-lasting solution for an urgent problem: the destruction of the Chiquitano Dry Forest, the largest and best-conserved forest of the continent," concluded Méndez.

European companies are also beginning to closely monitor for responsible and deforestation-free agricultural production to meet the growing demand of its consumers.

"The voracious appetite of European consumers is fueling the destruction of the jungles and forests of South America. However, and thanks to the work of civil society organizations, European citizens are increasingly aware of the negative impacts of their consumption patterns. They are beginning to demand deforestation-free products from supermarkets and restaurants. We believe that Bolivian farmers and cattle ranchers have a unique opportunity to protect the Chiquitano Dry Forest and guarantee a deforestation-free production," said Nico Muzi, Europe Director of the global environmental organization Mighty Earth, one of the signatory organizations.

Retailer Scorecard 2021

Easter is one of the biggest chocolate buying seasons. Mighty Earth and the National Wildlife Federation in the USA and Be Slavery Free in the Netherlands and Australia; assessed retailers from around the world on their contribution to driving positive change in the chocolate and cocoa industry.  Brands and processors were ranked separately in an earlier release.

The retailers selected, 36 in all, are some of the largest and most influential in Europe and the UK, the US, Brazil, Australia/New Zealand, and other chocolate consuming countries. Those retailers selected for this ranking have a choice: they can either take a large toll on the farmers and ecosystems in cocoa growing regions around the world or make a big positive impact for people and the planet.

Retailers and supermarkets make the most money in the chocolate value chain-- taking at least 40% of the price consumers pay for a bar of chocolate. These super beneficiaries need to own their responsibility for the cocoa sector and not just for their own branded products but also for the procurement policies for the other chocolates products they stock.  The potential for a truly industry wide, farmer to consumer, sustainability movement exists.

But many of these retailers have thus far refused to engage in relevant ethical trade platforms such as the Retailer Cocoa Coalition or the Cocoa and Forest Initiative or opened up to engage more broadly with civil society on their cocoa supply chains.

Some of these same retailers have made progress with their commitment to sustainability in other commodities-- albeit spotty, but have been slow to extend such measures to cocoa.

Retailers like Rewe, Ahold Delhaize, Coop Switzerland, Sainsbury’s, Woolworths (Australia) Aldi Süd and Aldi Nord stand out when compared to their colleagues. Supermarkets in the US need to do much more to ensure the sustainability of their cocoa products they sell.

You can find the full methodology on the Retailer’s Easter Scorecard here.

Ivorian Ministry of Forest Pledges Progress on Joint Monitoring Program

In November 2017, the cocoa industry and the Government of Côte d'Ivoire pledged to halt deforestation caused by cocoa and "adopt a transparent satellite monitoring system whose results are independently validated and which provides an early warning of deforestation, quickly supplemented by field verification. This system [was] to be made available to the public immediately after the signing of the Common Framework for Action (CFA) so that all stakeholders can measure and monitor progress towards the overall deforestation target". Three years later, this has still not been achieved. 
It is in that context that Mighty Earth welcomes with great satisfaction the Ivorian Minister of Water and Forests' announcement, seconded by the President of the World Cocoa Foundation, of the rapid implementation of the long promised joint monitoring of deforestation and remedial measures. This announcement was made on February 25 during the last Cocoa and Forests Initiative (CFI) steering committee in which the two senior officials took part, along with 66 other participants. Joint monitoring is one of the CFI’s major commitments, and Mighty Earth has constantly called for its effective implementation. The launch of the Cocoa Accountability Map in 2020, recently updated in February 2021, is precisely an attempt to remedy this shortcoming.