Alex Armstrong

Ramping Up Pressure on ADM & Bunge’s Board to Cut Off Deforestation

Ramping Up Pressure on ADM & Bunge’s Board to Cut Off Deforestation 

Shareholders at two of the world’s largest agribusiness companies- ADM and Bunge- have filed shareholder proposals calling for transformational changes to end destruction of native ecosystems and related human rights abuses in those companies’ soy supply chains. Mighty Earth has been campaigning for years to hold these companies accountable for stopping deforestation and is calling on ADM and Bunge’s Board to immediately implement the practices necessary to address concerns brought forth by these shareholder proposals.  

ADM and Bunge are two leading agribusinesses, supplying many parts of the world with ingredients such as soy and grains. Many of these ingredients come from farms that cleared large swaths of land to plant industrial crops to export around the world. Both ADM and Bunge made commitments in 2015 to stop further deforestation and related human rights abuses associated with their supply chains. However numerous analyses from Mighty Earth and other leading organizations have found that both companies are failing to fulfil these pledges, particularly in their soy supply chains. Mighty Earth analysis through our Rapid Response program found that out of the major soy exporters, Bunge had the second-largest amount of deforestation in Brazil associated with its soy supply chain between March 2019 and November 2020, and data from Trase shows that Bunge’s total deforestation risk was 51 percent higher than any other soy trader in 2018. Meanwhile ADM had over 6,000 hectares of clearance detected in Brazil through Rapid Response cases in the same time period and nearly all of the clearance is potentially illegal- Similarly, Trase found ADM to have the fourth-highest deforestation risk in 2018 of all soy traders  in Brazil.  

Mighty Earth is working around the world to urge action from ADM and Bunge to stop deforestation. In Europe, Mighty Earth is working with policy makers, the financial sector, and supermarkets across Europe and the UK to develop policies that require soy suppliers to mitigate destruction of native ecosystems. Just two months ago, Mighty Earth helped mobilize a sprawling coalition of some of the world’s largest companies – including McDonalds, Walmart, and Unilever – in sending a letter to ADM, Bunge and other agribusinesses calling on them to stop dealing soy tied to the destruction of the Brazilian Cerrado. In France, Mighty Earth is driving supermarkets to comply with the Duty of Vigilance Law, requiring companies address their environmental and social impacts. As a result, we helped convened the French Zero Deforestation Soy Manifesto, signed by all the largest supermarkets in France, committing them to eliminating deforestation in their soy supply chains 

Groupe LDC, Europe’s largest poultry company, recently joined this effort following campaign pressure from French NGO partner Canopée and Mighty Earth, agreeing to eliminate purchases of soy grown on land cleared after 2020. Banks are following suit, with BNP pledging to stop financing companies linked to deforestation for either soy or beef following campaign pressure from Reclaim Finance, Mighty Earth and other French civil society groups.  

We are also putting pressure on ADM and Bunge’s board members directly to support the shareholder proposal. Our LinkedIn ad campaign targeting staff at both ADM and Bunge urging support for the shareholder proposal that has drawn views from more than 6,623 employees, and our petition has gathered 60,000 signatures so far. We have also sent letters to Board members highlighting the evidence of their companies’ involvement in deforestation and requesting meetings to discuss solutions.  

It is time for ADM and Bunge to fulfil their promises to end the destruction of native ecosystems and related human rights abuses caused by their soy supply chains.  

We are joining shareholders in calling on the Board of Directors at both companies to ensure no-deforestation sourcing policies are immediately implemented and enforced. 


Ending U.S. Companies' Complicity in Illegal Deforestation

Today, Mighty Earth joined with a number of civil society organizations to call on Congress and the Biden-Harris administration to "pass legislation to prevent agricultural commodities produced on illegally deforested land from entering the U.S. market and establish due diligence requirements on relevant commodity imports." Senator Brian Schatz (D-Hawaii) has just announced plans to introduce a bill that would take these steps.

In response, Mighty Earth Campaign Director Rose Garr released the following statement:

"U.S. companies have been complicit in driving deforestation, climate change, and mass extinctions around the world by importing agricultural products that come from illegally deforested lands. Senator Schatz's bill is a landmark piece of legislation that would require companies to understand where their products are coming from. It's just common sense that companies should only be selling legally-produced goods to Americans. In an age of transparency and accountability, it’s simply no longer acceptable for companies to claim ignorance about the origins of their products.

“Additionally, we are encouraged by the aid and incentives included in this bill. We can and should offer a helping hand to our allies. The financial and technical help in Senator Schatz’s bill will help rebuild the sort of international partnerships we need to tackle the global climate crisis."


Déforestation et atteintes aux droits humains en Amazonie : des représentants des peuples autochtones et ONG internationales assignent Casino en justice

Déforestation et atteintes aux droits humains en Amazonie: des représentants des peuples autochtones et ONG internationales assignent Casino en justice

Ce mercredi 3 mars 2021, des représentants des peuples autochtones d’Amazonie brésilienne et colombienne, ainsi que des organisations non gouvernementales (ONG) françaises et américaines, assignent en justice le groupe Casino devant le tribunal judiciaire de Saint-Etienne, en raison de ses ventes en Amérique du Sud de produits à base de viande bovine, liée à la déforestation et à l’accaparement de terres des peuples autochtones. 

C’est la première fois qu’une chaîne d’hypermarchés est assignée en justice pour des faits de déforestation et de violation de droits humains dans sa chaîne d’approvisionnement, sur le fondement de la loi sur le devoir de vigilance adoptée en mars 2017. Les organisations autochtones demandent à être dédommagées en raison des dommages causés à leurs terres ancestrales et de l’impact sur leurs moyens de subsistance.

Atteintes à l’environnement et violations des droits humains

L’assignation conclut à des atteintes systémiques à l’environnement et aux droits humains qui ont eu lieu, tout au long de la chaîne d’approvisionnement du groupe Casino au Brésil et en Colombie, sur une période significative. Selon les preuves rassemblées par le Centre d’Analyse de la Criminalité Climatique, le groupe Casino aurait acheté régulièrement de la viande bovine à trois abattoirs qui s’approvisionnent en bétail auprès de 592 fournisseurs responsables d’au moins 50 000 hectares de déforestation entre 2008 et 2020 (1). Il s’agit d’une surface équivalente à cinq fois la taille de Paris.

Les preuves présentées dans cette affaire démontrent également des atteintes aux droits des peuples autochtones. Il a notamment été rapporté que les terres ancestrales détenues et gérées par la communauté Uru Eu Wau Wau dans l’État de Rondônia, au Brésil, ont été envahies pour permettre l’exploitation des élevages de bétail qui fournissent de la viande bovine au Grupo Pão de Açúcar de Casino.

La responsabilité du groupe Casino 

Malgré les nombreux rapports liant les produits du groupe Casino à la déforestation et à l’accaparement de terres des peuples autochtones, la multinationale n’a pas veillé à la révision  de ses mesures de vigilance, afin d’assurer l’absence d’atteintes aux droits humains et à l’environnement tout au long de sa chaîne d’approvisionnement. La multinationale s’est même aventurée à justifier qu’en raison du “faible nombre de rapports mettant en avant l’élevage bovin comme la cause de la déforestation en Colombie”, Casino n’a pas jugé pertinent d’inclure le pays dans son plan de vigilance. Pourtant, la Colombie a l’un des taux de déforestation les plus élevés au monde, le bétail en étant la source principale selon un grand nombre de rapports officiels (2).

Malgré les preuves de plus en plus nombreuses reliant la plus grande entreprise de viande bovine du monde, JBS, à la déforestation ainsi qu’à l’esclavage (3), le groupe Casino continue de s’approvisionner auprès de celle-ci. En outre, le groupe Casino ne s’est toujours pas engagé à exclure la viande ou des produits transformés issus de la déforestation dans ses magasins Grupo Pão de Açúcar, Casino ou Grupo Éxito.

Le groupe Casino est la plus grande chaîne de supermarchés au Brésil et en Colombie, avec leurs marques respectives Grupo Pão de Açúcar et Grupo Éxito. Les activités de Casino en Amérique du Sud représentent près de la moitié (47 %) du chiffre d’affaires du groupe.

La loi française sur le devoir de vigilance impose aux entreprises basées en France et employant plus de 5 000 salariés de prendre des mesures adaptées et effectives pour prévenir les atteintes graves aux droits humains et à l’environnement tout au long de leur chaîne d’approvisionnement, faute de quoi elles engagent leur responsabilité et peuvent être condamnées à payer des dommages et intérêts.

Le point de non-retour de l’Amazonie

L’élevage bovin est la principale source de déforestation en Amérique du Sud, en particulier au Brésil. Selon l’agence spatiale brésilienne (INPE), la déforestation de la forêt amazonienne a atteint son plus haut niveau en douze ans. L’Amazonie risque d’atteindre un point de non-retour, en passant d’une forêt tropicale humide à une savane.

En décembre dernier, le gouvernement brésilien a supprimé toutes les mesures visant à lutter contre la déforestation dans son plan national d’action pour le climat (connu sous le nom de NDC, pris dans le cadre de l’accord de Paris), bien que la disparition des forêts demeure la principale source d’émissions de gaz à effet de serre dans le pays.

Commentaires des requérants : 

L’ampleur et la diversité de la coalition témoignent de l’empreinte écologique mondiale et de la diversité des impacts causés par la production industrielle de viande bovine, ainsi que de la nécessité d’une défense collective.

Luis Eloy Terena, du peuple Terena du Brésil, conseiller juridique à la COIAB et à l’APIB :Il est important pour la COIAB de participer à ce procès car le sort de l’Amazonie brésilienne relève de l’action en défense des droits et garanties constitutionnels des peuples autochtones qui y vivent. Nous sommes également chargés de défendre les peuples isolés ou récemment contactés. Comme nous l’indiquons clairement dans la plainte, l’achat de viande bovine par Casino et Grupo Pão de Açúcar entraîne la déforestation et l’accaparement des terres, ainsi que la violence et l’assassinat des chefs autochtones lorsqu’ils choisissent de résister. Avec cette poursuite, nous cherchons à tenir l’entreprise responsable des conséquences de ces actes et à apporter une reconnaissance aux peuples autochtones par rapport à la réalité à laquelle ils sont confrontés.

Fany Kuiru Castro du peuple Uitoto de Colombie, directrice et coordinatrice des femmes et de la famille à l’OPIAC : L’élevage de bétail, les monocultures et les autres industries extractives mettent nos vies en danger et exterminent les peuples autochtones. C’est pourquoi notre organisation soutient pleinement cette action en justice, mettant en cause le manquement aux exigences sur la chaîne d’approvisionnement en viande, qui provient de l’élevage de bétail“.

Boris Patentreger, co-fondateur d’Envol Vert :En 2021, dans un monde où nous pouvons techniquement tout tracer et tout contrôler, un groupe international appelé Casino, qui a connu une formidable croissance en Amérique du Sud ces dernières années, est incapable d’éliminer la déforestation de toute sa chaîne d’approvisionnement. C’est inacceptable !”

Lucie Chatelain, juriste chez Sherpa :Le nombre de cas de déforestation et d’atteintes aux droits humains qui ont été documentés dans la chaîne d’approvisionnement de Casino au Brésil montre que ses prétendues mesures de vigilance ne sont ni adaptées, ni effectives. Sherpa a plaidé pendant des années – et avec succès – pour l’adoption d’une loi sur le devoir de vigilance, et ce cas est emblématique des violations que cette loi vise précisément à prévenir“.

Sébastien Mabile, avocat du cabinet Seattle Avocats : Ce procès va permettre de démontrer toutes les potentialités de la loi française sur le devoir de vigilance, qui s’applique à l’ensemble de la chaîne d’approvisionnement tant en France qu’à l’étranger. La loi impose aux multinationales françaises des actions visant à prévenir des atteintes, proportionnelles aux risques identifiés, ainsi que des contrôles sociaux et judiciaires stricts. La gravité des violations constatées dans cette affaire nous conduit à engager la première action en responsabilité sur la base de ce texte“.

Nico Muzi, directeur européen de Mighty Earth : “JBS n’est pas seulement la plus grande entreprise de viande au monde, mais c’est aussi l’un des pires destructeurs de forêts au Brésil. C’est la raison pour laquelle le Groupe Casino doit abandonner complètement JBS. Mais nous appelons également les autres grands supermarchés européens tels que Carrefour, Tesco, Albert Heijn et Lidl à rompre leurs liens avec la déforestation et à laisser tomber JBS, le massacre de l’Amazonie“.

Cecilia Rinaudo, coordinatrice générale de Notre Affaire à Tous : “Cette affaire est un exemple tragique de l’interdépendance entre l’environnement et les droits humains,  tous deux protégés par la loi sur le devoir de vigilance. Casino identifie le travail forcé comme un risque associé dans sa chaîne d’approvisionnement, sans prendre aucune mesure pour y mettre fin. De plus, l’entreprise n’a pas identifié l’accaparement de terres comme une menace pour les droits de l’homme, malgré de nombreux rapports sur cette question bien connue. Casino ne peut pas rester passif et doit adopter des mesures concrètes pour prévenir ces risques majeurs“.

Adeline Favrel, coordinatrice de la campagne forestière de France Nature Environnement :La France a adopté la loi sur le devoir de vigilance en 2017 et la stratégie nationale de lutte contre la déforestation importée en 2018. Ces politiques publiques doivent être traduites en actions concrètes par des entreprises comme Casino pour mettre enfin un terme à la déforestation“.

Klervi Le Guenic, responsable de campagne de Canopée : Casino n’est pas le seul responsable, ils ont tous le pouvoir de changer les choses. Carrefour est l’un des plus grands vendeurs au détail du Brésil et son activité est également particulièrement exposée au risque d’être liée à la déforestation. Ils doivent se débarrasser des entreprises de viande liées à la destruction de l’Amazonie“.

Notes :

  1. La semaine dernière, le groupe de journalisme d’investigation Reporter Brasil a publié un nouveau rapport montrant que les trois plus grandes chaînes de supermarchés du Brésil – Pão de Açúcar, Carrefour et Grupo Big – ont vendu du bœuf provenant de méga-fermes qui ont illégalement défriché des milliers d’hectares de forêts.
  2. Report on deforestation fronts, 2021
  3. Historiquement, l’activité commerciale dans les zones rurales du Brésil est source d’esclavage et de travail forcé. Le secteur qui connaît le plus grand nombre de cas d’esclavage est celui de l’élevage. Selon les données de la Comissao Pastoral da Terra et du gouvernement fédéral brésilien, près de la moitié (47 %) des cas identifiés entre 2003 et 2020 sont liés au secteur de l’élevage bovin. La dernière enquête du Reporter Brasil a établi que la plupart des cas d’esclavage sont liés aux abattoirs JBS, fournisseur principal du Pão de Açúcar de Casino.

Les membres de la coalition sont :

Canopée Forêts Vivantes est une organisation récente, fondée en 2018, qui est née d’un besoin crucial de construire un contre-pouvoir citoyen pour mieux protéger les forêts en France et dans le monde. Il s’agit d’une association de “sonneurs de cloches” qui signale les menaces qui pèsent sur les forêts. Loin de se contenter de signaler ces menaces, elle souhaite agir à la source des problèmes en produisant une contre-expertise de qualité et en la portant dans l’espace public. Canopée est membre des Amis de la Terre et du groupe SOS Forêt.

COIAB (Coordination des organisations autochtones de l’Amazonie brésilienne) fondée le 19 avril 1989, est la plus grande organisation autochtone régionale du Brésil, qui a émergé à l’initiative des dirigeants des organisations autochtones. La mission du COIAB est de défendre les droits des peuples autochtones à la terre, à la santé, à l’éducation, à la culture et à la durabilité, en tenant compte de la diversité des peuples et en recherchant leur autonomie à travers l’articulation politique et le renforcement des organisation autochtones.

La Commission Pastorale de la Terre (CPT), créée en 1975, est rattachée à la Conférence nationale des évêques du Brésil (CNBB). Elle est engagée sur l’enjeu crucial du partage de la terre et contre la destruction de l’environnement. Ses équipes locales sont présentes dans chacun des Etats du Brésil, accompagnant à la base communautés et groupes en lutte, joignant sa voix aux leurs, dénonçant injustices, violences, discrimination, travail esclave.

Envol vert agit pour la préservation de la forêt et de la biodiversité en Amérique Latine (principalement Colombie et Pérou) et en France. Depuis 2011, nous développons des projets de terrain concrets et efficaces qui incluent la reforestation d’aires dégradées, le développement de l’agroforesterie et d’alternatives à la coupe illégale comme l’écotourisme, le développement de réserves naturelles, la sauvegarde ou la réintroduction d’espèces.  Envol Vert mène également des campagnes de communication et des actions de sensibilisation afin d’inciter les entreprises et les citoyens à changer leurs modes de production et/ou de consommation.

FEPIPA (Fédération des Peuples Autochtones du Pará) fondée en avril 2016, est une organisation autochtone, créée pour promouvoir le bien-être social, politique, économique et culturel et les droits de l’homme des peuples autochtones. Elle vise à défendre et à discuter des intérêts collectifs des peuples et communautés autochtones de l’État de Pará, en promouvant leur organisation sociale, culturelle, économique et politique, en renforçant leur autonomie.

FEPOIMT (Fédération des Peuples Autochtones du Mato Grosso) créée en juin 2016 est née de la nécessité de s’unir pour l’action et l’articulation politiques, visant à l’organisation sociale, culturelle, économique et au développement durable et politique des peuples et organisations autochtones du Mato Grosso. Ses principaux défis sont la garantie et la régularisation des terres, la gestion de l’environnement, la protection du territoire et la lutte pour les droits des autochtones.

France Nature Environnement est la fédération française des associations de protection de la nature et de l’environnement. Elle regroupe 3 500 associations françaises, réparties dans 53 organisations en France métropolitaine et dans les territoires d’outre-mer. Depuis 1968, la fédération se bat pour la transition écologique en menant une mobilisation citoyenne. Elle sensibilise le public par l’éducation à l’environnement, s’efforce en permanence de contribuer à l’amélioration du droit de l’environnement et contribue régulièrement aux politiques publiques françaises et européennes pour une meilleure

Mighty Earth est une organisation globale de plaidoyer qui œuvre pour la protection des forêts tropicales, des océans et du climat. Nos campagnes et notre équipe ont joué un rôle de premier plan en persuadant les plus grandes entreprises mondiales du secteur de l’alimentation et de l’agriculture d’adopter des politiques visant à éliminer la déforestation et les atteintes aux droits de l’homme de leurs chaînes d’approvisionnement, et ont conduit à l’adoption de transferts de plusieurs milliards de dollars vers l’énergie propre.

Notre Affaire à Tous  est une association qui œuvre pour protéger le vivant, les communs naturels et le climat via l’utilisation du droit. Issu-es du mouvement pour la reconnaissance du crime d’écocide dans le droit international afin de sanctionner les crimes les plus graves contre l’environnement et à l’origine de l’Affaire du Siècle, les membres de Notre Affaire à Tous se positionnent comme « avocat-es de la planète », en cherchant à établir par la jurisprudence, le plaidoyer juridique et la mobilisation citoyenne une responsabilité effective et objective de l’humain vis-à-vis de l’environnement.

OPIAC (Organisation Nationale des Peuples Autochtones de l’Amazonie Colombienne) est une institution autochtone colombienne, une organisation à but non lucratif qui exerce une représentation politique des peuples autochtones de l’Amazonie colombienne devant les institutions nationales et internationales. Son objectif principal est de faire en sorte que tous les droits collectifs et individuels de ses membres soient respectés et reconnus par tous les acteurs situés dans la région amazonienne colombienne.

Seattle Avocats est un cabinet d’avocat spécialisé sur les questions de responsabilité des entreprises du fait d’atteintes à l’environnement et aux droits humains. Monsieur Sébastien Mabile et Monsieur François de Cambiaire représentent des ONGs et des collectivités dans le cadre des premières actions introduites sur le fondement de la loi devoir de vigilance des entreprises, notamment contre Total et contre le groupe de transport XPO Logistics, et s’intéressent en particulier aux débats en cours au niveau international et européen sur la responsabilité sociale et pénale des multinationales. S’agissant de dommages particulièrement graves à l’environnement ayant des conséquences tout aussi graves sur les droits des populations autochtones, le cabinet Seattle Avocats apporte son soutien et ses compétences à la coalition internationale d’associations qui mettent en demeure le groupe Casino de se conformer à la loi sur le devoir de vigilance.

Sherpa est une association créée en 2001 qui a pour mission de combattre les nouvelles formes d’impunité liées à la mondialisation et de défendre les communautés victimes de crimes économiques. Sherpa œuvre pour mettre le droit au service d’une mondialisation plus juste. L’action de l’association repose sur quatre outils interdépendants que sont le contentieux stratégique, le plaidoyer, le laboratoire de droit et le renforcement de capacités. Ces actions sont menées par une équipe de juristes et d’avocats. Les activités de Sherpa ont contribué à l’indemnisation de communautés affectées par des crimes économiques, à des décisions judiciaires historiques à l’égard de multinationales et de leurs dirigeants et à des politiques législatives inédites.


Comunidades indígenas da Amazônia e ONGs internacionais processam grupo supermercadista Casino/Pão de Açúcar por desmatamento e violações de direitos humanos

Comunidades indígenas da Amazônia e ONGs internacionais processam grupo supermercadista Casino/Pão de Açúcar por desmatamento e violações de direitos humanos

É o primeiro caso movido contra empresa varejista sob a lei francesa de prevenção de violações sociais e ambientais. Organizações indígenas reivindicam reparação pelos danos causados

3/Março/2021: Povos indígenas da Amazônia brasileira e colombiana e ONGs francesas e dos Estados Unidos deram entrada nesta quarta-feira (03/03) em um processo judicial no Tribunal de Saint-Etienne contra a gigante varejista Groupe Casino – dona das marcas Pão de Açúcar, no Brasil, e Éxito, na Colômbia – pela venda de produtos de carne bovina associados a desmatamento e grilagem de terras indígenas no Brasil e Colômbia. As organizações indígenas reivindicam indenização pelos danos causados em suas terras tradicionais e pelos impactos em seus meios de subsistência.

Esta é a primeira vez que uma rede de supermercados é levada à Justiça por desmatamento e violações dos direitos humanos perante a lei francesa de “dever de vigilância”, adotada em março de 2017 (“Loi sur le Devoir de Vigilance”, em francês). De acordo com a legislação francesa, empresas sediadas na França com mais de 5 mil funcionários devem adotar medidas adequadas e eficazes para prevenir graves violações dos direitos humanos e ambientais em todas as suas cadeias de abastecimento.

Destruição ambiental e violações de direitos humanos

O processo judicial aborda violações de direitos humanos e leis ambientais nas cadeias de abastecimento do Grupo Casino no Brasil e na Colômbia durante um longo período de tempo. De acordo com as provas analisadas pelo Center for Climate Crime Analysis (CCCA) para o caso, o Grupo Casino comprava regularmente carne de três matadouros da JBS.

Os três abatedouros se abasteciam de 592 fornecedores responsáveis ​​por pelo menos 50 mil hectares de desmatamento entre 2008 e 2020(1). A área desmatada equivale a cinco vezes o tamanho de Paris.

As provas apresentadas no caso também mostram que as terras pertencentes e administradas pelo povo Uru Eu Wau Wau em Rondônia foram invadidas por fazendas de gado que fornecem carne para o Pão de Açúcar, em atos de violação dos direitos indígenas.

Historicamente, a atividade comercial em áreas rurais no Brasil tem sido responsável pela escravidão e trabalho forçado. O setor com maior número de casos de escravidão é a pecuária. De acordo com a Comissão Pastoral da Terra e dados do governo federal, quase metade (47%) dos casos de trabalho escravo identificados entre 2003 e 2020 são ligados ao setor pecuário. O estudo mais recente do Repórter Brasil rastreou a maioria dos casos de trabalho escravo nos frigoríficos da JBS, principal fornecedor do Pão de Açúcar.

Responsabilidade do Grupo Casino

Apesar dos vários relatórios ligando os produtos do Grupo Casino a desmatamento e grilagem de terras, a empresa falhou em revisar suas políticas de monitoramento e fiscalização para garantir que não haja violações ambientais ou de direitos humanos em toda a sua cadeia de abastecimento.

A empresa escreveu aos demandantes que “devido ao baixo número de relatórios que citam o gado como fator de desmatamento na Colômbia”, o Casino não considera relevante incluir o país no escopo de seu plano de vigilância. No entanto, a Colômbia apresenta uma das maiores taxas de desmatamento do mundo, sendo o gado o principal causador de acordo com diversos relatórios oficiais(2).

Apesar do crescente corpo de evidências ligando a maior empresa de carne bovina do mundo, a JBS, ao desmatamento e até mesmo ao trabalho escravo, o Grupo Casino continua comprando da JBS. Além disso, o Grupo Casino não se comprometeu a vender apenas carne com desmatamento zero nem conversão zero em suas lojas Pão de Açúcar, Casino ou Grupo Éxito.

O Grupo Casino é a maior rede de supermercados do Brasil e da Colômbia por meio de suas marcas Pão de Açúcar e Grupo Éxito, respectivamente. As operações do Casino na América do Sul respondem por quase metade (47%) das receitas globais do grupo.

Ponto crítico na Amazônia

A pecuária é o principal vetor do desmatamento na América do Sul, principalmente no Brasil. De acordo com o Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE), o desmatamento da Floresta Amazônica atingiu seu ponto mais alto em 12 anos. A Amazônia corre o risco de atingir o ponto crítico de mudar de uma floresta tropical para uma pastagem aberta.

Em dezembro passado, o governo brasileiro retirou qualquer medida de combate ao desmatamento de sua Contribuição Nacionalmente Determinada (NDC) ao Acordo de Paris, ainda que a perda de cobertura florestal continue sendo a principal fonte de emissões de gases de efeito estufa no país.

Declarações dos autores do processo

Os autores do processo incluem a Coordenação das Organizações Indígenas da Amazônia Brasileira (COIAB), a Organização Nacional dos Povos Indígenas da Amazônia Colombiana (OPIAC), a Federação dos Povos Indígenas do Pará (FEPIPA), a Federação dos Povos e Organizações Indígenas do Mato Grosso (FEPOIMT), a Comissão Pastoral da Terra (CPT), Canopée, Envol Vert, FNE, Mighty Earth, Notre Affaire à Tous e Sherpa.

Cristiane Baré, do povo Baré, assessora jurídica da COIAB disse: “Para a COIAB, estar nesse processo é  importante pois a Amazônia Brasileira é a sua área de atuação em defesa dos direitos e garantias constitucionais dos povos indígenas que nela habitam e onde estão também os povos isolados e de recente contato. Os impactos geram desmatamento, grilagem, garimpos ilegais, seguidos de violência e assassinatos de lideranças indígenas em nossos territórios. Com esse processo, esperamos que a empresa arque com as consequências em relação a esses impactos e, de alguma maneira, tente amenizar a situação colocada dentro das Terras Indígenas.”

Fany Kuiru Castro, do povo Uitoto da Colombia, diretora da OPIAC disse: “A pecuária, as monoculturas e outras atividades extrativas estão colocando nossas vidas em risco e causando a extinção física dos povos indígenas. Portanto, essa ação judicial por descumprir as demandas nas cadeias produtivas da carne, que vêm da pecuária extensiva, tem todo o respaldo e apoio da nossa organização.” 

Boris Patentreger, co-fundador do Envol Vert, disse: “Em 2021, em um mundo onde tecnicamente podemos rastrear e monitorar tudo, um grupo internacional chamado Casino, que teve um grande crescimento na América do Sul nos últimos anos, não consegue eliminar o desmatamento de toda a sua cadeia de abastecimento. Isso é inaceitável!”

Lucie Chatelain, advogada da Sherpa, disse: “O número de casos de desmatamento e abusos de direitos humanos identificados na cadeia de suprimentos do Casino no Brasil mostra que suas supostas medidas de vigilância não são adequadas, nem eficazes. Este caso é emblemático das violações que a Lei francesa do Dever de Vigilância visa precisamente evitar.

Sebastien Mabile, advogado da Seattle Avocats, disse: “Este processo vai demonstrar a amplitude e profundidade da lei do Dever de Vigilância da França, que se aplica a toda a cadeia de abastecimento, na França e no exterior. A lei impõe às empresas multinacionais ações para prevenir violações proporcionais aos riscos identificados, bem como controles sociais e judiciários rígidos. A gravidade das violações documentadas neste caso nos leva a iniciar a primeira ação de responsabilidade com base neste texto.”

Nico Muzi, diretor para a Europa da Mighty Earth, disse: “A JBS não é só a maior empresa de carnes do mundo, mas também uma das piores destruidoras de florestas do Brasil. Por esse motivo, o Grupo Casino deve largar totalmente a JBS. Mas também pedimos a outros grandes supermercados europeus – como Carrefour, Tesco, Albert Heijn e Lidl – para romper seus vínculos com o desmatamento e abandonar a JBS, o massacre da Amazônia.”

Cecilia Rinaudo, coordenadora geral da Notre Affaire à Tous, disse: “Esse caso é um exemplo trágico da interdependência entre o meio ambiente e os direitos humanos, ambos protegidos pela Lei do Dever de Vigilância. O Casino apenas identifica o trabalho escravo como um risco associado em sua cadeia de abastecimento, sem tomar qualquer medida para erradicá-lo. Além disso, a empresa não conseguiu identificar a grilagem de terras como uma ameaça aos direitos humanos, apesar de muitos relatórios sobre esse conhecido problema. O Casino não pode ficar passivo e deve adotar medidas concretas para prevenir esses grandes riscos.”

Adeline Favrel, coordenador de Campanhas para Florestas da France Nature Environnement, disse: “A França adotou a Lei do Dever de Vigilância em 2017 e a Estratégia Nacional Contra o Desmatamento Importado em 2018. Essas políticas públicas devem ser traduzidas em ações concretas de empresas como o Casino para finalmente conter o desmatamento.”

Klervi Le Guenic, ativista da Canopée disse: “O Casino não é o único varejista responsável, todos eles têm o poder de mudar as coisas. O Carrefour é um dos maiores varejistas do Brasil e também está particularmente exposto a riscos de desmatamento. Eles têm que abandonar as empresas de carne ligadas à destruição da Amazônia.” 

Notas para o Editor:

  1. Na semana passada, o grupo de jornalismo investigativo Repórter Brasil publicou um novo relatório mostrando que as três maiores redes de supermercado do Brasil (Pão de Açúcar/Casino, Carrefour e Grupo Big) venderam carne de mega-fazendas que desmataram milhares de hectares de floresta ilegalmente.
  2. Relatório sobre as frentes de desmatamento, 2021 (em inglês)

Os integrantes da coalizão são:

COIAB (Coordenação das Organizações Indígenas da Amazônia Brasileira), fundada em 19 de abril de 1989, é a maior organização indígena regional do Brasil, que surgiu por iniciativa de lideranças de organizações indígenas. A missão da COIAB é defender os direitos dos povos indígenas à terra, saúde, educação, cultura e sustentabilidade, levando em consideração a diversidade dos povos e buscando sua autonomia por meio da articulação política e do fortalecimento das organizações indígenas.

OPIAC (Organização Nacional dos Povos Indígenas da Amazônia Colombiana) é a organização indígena colombiana dos povos indígenas da Amazônia colombiana perante instituições nacionais e internacionais. Seu principal objetivo é garantir que todos os direitos coletivos e individuais de seus membros sejam respeitados e reconhecidos por todos os atores localizados na região amazônica colombiana.

FEPIPA (Federação dos Povos Indígenas do Pará) fundada em abril de 2016, é uma organização indígena criada para promover o bem-estar social, político, econômico e cultural e os direitos humanos dos povos indígenas. Seu objetivo é defender e discutir os interesses coletivos dos povos e comunidades indígenas do Estado do Pará, promovendo sua organização social, cultural, econômica e política, fortalecendo sua autonomia.

FEPOIMT (Federação dos Povos Indígenas de Mato Grosso), criada em junho de 2016, nasceu da necessidade de união para ação e articulação política, voltada para a organização social, cultural, econômica e o desenvolvimento sustentável e político dos povos e organizações indígenas de Mato Grosso. Seus principais desafios são a garantia e regularização fundiária, a gestão ambiental, a proteção do território e a luta pelos direitos indígenas.

CPT (Comissão Pastoral da Terra) faz parte das Comissões Pastorais da Conferência Episcopal do Brasil. Foi criada para defender os camponeses e garantir uma presença solidária e fraterna entre as populações rurais. Presente em muitas dioceses, está comprometida com a questão crucial da partilha da terra e contra a destruição do meio ambiente.

A Envol Vert atua pela preservação de florestas e biodiversidade na América Latina (principalmente Colômbia e Peru) e na França. Desde 2011, desenvolve projetos de campo concretos e eficazes que incluem o reflorestamento de áreas degradadas, o desenvolvimento de sistemas agroflorestais e alternativas à extração ilegal de madeira como ecoturismo, desenvolvimento de reservas naturais, conservação e reintrodução de espécies. A Envol Vert também realiza campanhas de comunicação e ações de conscientização para estimular empresas e cidadãos a mudar seus padrões de produção e consumo.

A Mighty Earth é uma organização de campanha ambiental global que trabalha para proteger as florestas, conservar os oceanos e lidar com as mudanças climáticas. Trabalha para impulsionar ações em larga escala para uma agricultura ambientalmente responsável que proteja os ecossistemas nativos, a vida selvagem e a água, e respeite os direitos da comunidade local. Nossas campanhas e nossa equipe têm desempenhado um papel de liderança em persuadir as maiores empresas de alimentos e agricultura do mundo a adotar políticas para eliminar o desmatamento e o abuso dos direitos humanos de suas cadeias de abastecimento e impulsionar a adoção de mudanças de bilhões de dólares para energia limpa.

A Notre Affaire à Tous é uma associação que trabalha para proteger a vida, os bens comuns naturais e o clima por meio do uso da lei. Vindos do movimento pelo reconhecimento do crime de ecocídio no direito internacional para punir os crimes mais graves contra o meio ambiente e na origem do “Caso do Século”, os membros do Notre Affaire à Tous se posicionam como “ defensores do planeta ”, buscando estabelecer por meio da jurisprudência, da advocacia e da mobilização cidadã uma responsabilidade efetiva e objetiva do ser humano com o meio ambiente.

A Seattle Avocats é um escritório de advocacia especializado em questões de responsabilidade corporativa por violações de direitos humanos e ambientais. Sébastien Mabile e o François de Cambiaire representam ONGs e comunidades no âmbito das primeiras ações intentadas com base na lei sobre o dever de vigilância das empresas, em particular contra a Total e contra o grupo de transportes XPO Logistics, e são interessados, em particular, nos debates em curso a nível internacional e europeu sobre a responsabilidade social e penal das multinacionais. No que diz respeito a danos particularmente graves ao meio ambiente, com consequências igualmente graves para os direitos das populações indígenas, o escritório de advocacia Seattle Avocats oferece seu apoio e experiência à coalizão internacional de associações que convocam o grupo Casino a aguardar. cumprir a lei sobre o dever de vigilância.

A Sherpa é uma associação criada em 2001 que tem como missão combater as novas formas de impunidade vinculadas à globalização e defender as comunidades vítimas de crimes econômicos. Sherpa trabalha para colocar a lei a serviço de uma globalização mais justa. A ação da associação é baseada em quatro ferramentas interdependentes: pesquisa, litígio, advocacia e capacitação. Essas ações são realizadas por uma equipe de juristas e advogados. As atividades de Sherpa ajudaram a compensar comunidades afetadas por crimes econômicos e contribuíram para decisões judiciais históricas contra empresas multinacionais e políticas legislativas inovadoras.

A Canopée Forets Vivantes é uma nova organização fundada em 2018 que surge da necessidade crítica de construir um contrapoder cidadão para melhor proteger as florestas na França e no mundo. Somos uma associação de sinos que relata as ameaças às florestas. Não apenas relatamos, o que queremos é atuar na raiz dos problemas, produzindo uma contra-expertise de qualidade e trazendo-a para o espaço público. Canopée é membro da Friends of the Earth e do grupo SOS Forêt.

A France Nature Environnement é a federação francesa de organizações voluntárias para a preservação da natureza e proteção ambiental. Reunimos 3.500 ONGs francesas, em 53 organizações no continente francês e em territórios ultramarinos. Desde 1968, lutamos pela transição ecológica liderando a mobilização dos cidadãos. Conscientizamos o público por meio da educação ambiental. Estamos constantemente nos empenhando para aprimorar a legislação ambiental. Contribuímos regularmente para as políticas públicas francesas e europeias para melhores regulamentações ambientais. Por meio de denúncias, garantimos que eles realmente sejam cumpridos.


Amazon indigenous communities and international NGOs sue supermarket giant Casino/Pão de Açúcar/Éxito over deforestation and human rights violations

Amazon indigenous communities and international NGOs sue supermarket giant Casino/Pão de Açúcar/Éxito over deforestation and human rights violations 

Indigenous groups to seek compensation for damages in first case brought against retail chain under groundbreaking French law to prevent social and environmental violations in supply chains 

March 3, 2020: Indigenous peoples from the Brazilian and Colombian Amazon and non-governmental organizations from France and the US today filed a lawsuit in the Saint-Etienne court against global retail giant Groupe Casino over selling beef products linked to deforestation and land grabbing.

This is the first time a supermarket chain is taken to court over deforestation and human rights violations under the French due diligence law adopted in March 2017 (“loi sur le devoir de vigilance” in French). Indigenous groups claim compensation for damages done to their customary lands and the impact on their livelihoods.

Environmental destruction and human rights violations

The lawsuit alleges systemic violations of human rights and environmental laws in Groupe Casino’s supply chains in Brazil and Colombia over a long period of time. According to evidence compiled and analysed by the Center for Climate Crime Analysis (CCCA) for this case, Groupe Casino regularly bought beef from three slaughterhouses owned by JBS, a giant meatpacker. The three slaughterhouses sourced cattle from 592 suppliers responsible for at least 50,000 hectares of deforestation between 2008 and 2020 (1). The deforested area is five times the size of Paris.

Evidence submitted in this lawsuit also shows violations of indigenous rights. In one of the documented cases, customary land owned and managed by the Uru Eu Wau Wau community in the State of Rondônia, Brazil was invaded and put into production by cattle farms supplying beef to Casino’s Pão de Açúcar.

Groupe Casino’s responsibility

Despite numerous media reports linking Groupe Casino’s products to deforestation and land grabbing, the company has failed to overhaul its monitoring and enforcement policies to ensure there’s no environmental or human rights violations in its entire supply chain. The company has dared to write to the plaintiffs that “due to the low number of reports mentioning cattle as a driver of deforestation in Colombia” Casino doesn’t consider it relevant to include the country in the scope of their due diligence plan. Yet, Colombia has one of the highest rates of deforestation in the world, with cattle being the main cause (2).

In spite of the ever-growing body of evidence linking the world’s biggest meat company, JBS, to deforestation and even slave labour (3), Casino Group still buys from JBS. Furthermore, Groupe Casino has failed to commit to only sell zero-deforestation nor zero-conversion meat in their Pão de Açúcar, Casino or Grupo Éxito stores.

Groupe Casino is the largest supermarket chain in Brazil and Colombia through its brands Pão de Açúcar and Grupo Éxito respectively. Casino’s South American operations account for nearly half (47%) of the group’s global revenues.

France’s Duty of Vigilance law requires France-based companies with over 5,000 employees to take adequate and effective measures to prevent serious human rights and environmental violations in their entire supply chains. Should they fail to do so, they may be held liable and ordered to pay damages.

Amazon’s tipping point

Cattle ranching is the main driver of deforestation in South America, in particular in Brazil. According to Brazil’s space agency (INPE), deforestation of the Amazon rainforest has surged to a 12-year high. The Amazon is in danger of reaching a tipping point of switching from a canopy rainforest to open grassland.

Last December, the Brazilian government removed any measure to tackle deforestation in the national climate action plan (known as an NDC) under the Paris Agreement, although forest loss continues to be the main source of greenhouse gas emissions in the country.

Comments from the plaintiffs

The plaintiffs in this lawsuit include the Coordinator of the Indigenous Organizations of the Brazilian Amazon (COIAB), the National Organization of Indigenous Peoples of the Colombian Amazon (OPIAC), the Federation of Indigenous Peoples of Pará (FEPIPA), the Federation of Indigenous Peoples and Organizations of Mato Grosso (FEPOIMT), Pastoral Commission of the Earth (CPT), Canopée, Envol Vert, France Nature Environnement, Mighty Earth, Notre Affaire à Tous and Sherpa.

The breadth and diversity of the coalition is testament to the global footprint and the variety of impacts caused by industrial beef production as well as the need for a collective defense.

Luis Eloy Terena of the Terena people of Brazil, legal advisor at COIAB said: “It is important for COIAB to be part of this lawsuit because the Brazilian Amazon falls within purview for action in defense of the constitutional rights and guarantees of the indigenous peoples who live here. We are responsible as well for defending isolated or initially contacted peoples. As we make clear in the complaint, the demand for beef by Casino and Pão de Açúcar brings deforestation and land grabbing and violence, and the murder of indigenous leaders when they choose to resist. With this lawsuit, we seek to hold  the company accountable for the consequences of these impacts and to bring some relief to the reality confronted by our Indigenous Peoples on their Lands.”

Fany Kuiru Castro of the Uitoto people of Colombia, director at OPIAC said: “Cattle ranching, monocultures and other extractive industries are putting our lives at risk and exterminating indigenous peoples. Therefore this legal action over neglecting the demands in the meat supply chain, which come from cattle ranching, is fully supported by our organization.” 

Boris Patentreger, co-founder of Envol Vert, said: “In 2021, in a world where we can technically trace and monitor everything, an international group called Casino, which has seen tremendous growth in South America in the last years, fails to eliminate deforestation from all its supply chain. That’s unacceptable!”

Lucie Chatelain, lawyer at Sherpa, said: “The number of deforestation and human rights abuses cases that have been documented in Casino’s supply chain in Brazil shows that its alleged vigilance measures are neither adequate, nor effective. Sherpa successfully advocated for years for the adoption of the French Duty of Vigilance Law and this case is emblematic of the violations that it precisely aims to avoid.”

Sebastien Mabile, lawyer of Seattle Avocats, said: “This lawsuit will demonstrate the breadth and depth of France’s Duty of Vigilance law, which applies to the entire supply chain, both in France and abroad. The law imposes on multinational corporations actions to prevent breaches proportional to the risks identified, as well as strict social and judiciary controls. The seriousness of the violations documented in this case leads us to initiate the first liability action on the basis of this text.”

Nico Muzi, Europe director of Mighty Earth, said: “JBS is not only the largest meat company in the world but it’s also one of the worst forest destroyers in Brazil. For this reason Groupe Casino must drop JBS altogether. But we also call on other leading European supermarkets such as Carrefour, Tesco, Albert Heijn and Lidl to break their links to deforestation and drop JBS, the slaughter of the Amazon.

Cecilia Rinaudo, general coordinator of Notre Affaire à Tous, said: “This case is a tragic example of the interdependence between the environment and human rights, both protected by the Duty of diligence law. Casino only identifies slave labour as an associated risk in their supply chain without taking any measure to eradicate it. Moreover, the firm failed to identify land grabbing as a threat to human rights despite many reports on this well-known issue. Casino cannot stay passive and must adopt concrete measures to prevent these major risks.”

Adeline Favrel, forest campaign coordinator of France Nature Environnement, said: “France adopted the Duty of Vigilance law in 2017 and the National Strategy Against Imported Deforestation in 2018. These public policies must be translated into concrete actions by companies like Casino to finally stop deforestation.”

Klervi Le Guenic, campaigner of Canopée said: “Casino is not the only retailer responsible, they all have the power to change things. Carrefour is one of the largest retailers in Brazil and is also particularly exposed to deforestation risks. They have to ditch the meat companies linked to Amazon destruction.” 

Notes to the Editor:

  1. Last week, investigative journalism group Reporter Brasil published a new report showing that the three largest supermarket chains in Brazil Casino’s Pão de Açúcar, Carrefour and Grupo Big have sold beef from mega-farms that illegally cleared thousands of hectares of forests.
  2. Report on deforestation fronts, 2021
  3. Historically, commercial activity in rural areas in Brazil have been responsible for slavery and forced labour. The sector with the highest number of cases of slavery is cattle farming. According to the Comissao Pastoral da Terra and Brazil’s federal government data, almost half (47%) of the slave labour cases identified between 2003 and 2020 are linked to the cattle sector. The latest Reporter Brasil’s investigation traced most slave labour cases to JBS slaughterhouses, key supplier to Casino’s Pão de Açúcar.

Coalition members:

OPIAC (Organización Nacional de los Pueblos Indígenas de la Amazonia Colombiana) is the Colombian Indigenous organization of the Indigenous Peoples of the Colombian Amazon before national and international institutions. Its main objective is to ensure that all the collective and individual rights of its members are respected and recognized by all actors located in the Colombian Amazon region.

COIAB (Coordination of Indigenous Organizations of the Brazilian Amazon) founded on April 19, 1989, is the largest regional indigenous organization in Brazil, which emerged on the initiative of leaders of indigenous organizations. The mission of COIAB is to defend the rights of indigenous peoples to land, health, education, culture and sustainability, taking into account the diversity of peoples and seeking their autonomy through political articulation and the strengthening of indigenous organizations.

FEPIPA (Federation of Indigenous Peoples of Pará) founded in April 2016, is an indigenous organization, created to promote the social, political, economic and cultural well-being and human rights of indigenous peoples. It aims to defend and discuss the collective interests of the indigenous peoples and communities of the State of Pará, promoting their social, cultural, economic and political organization, strengthening their autonomy.

FEPOIMT (Federation of Indigenous Peoples of Mato Grosso) created in June 2016 was born from the need to unite for political action and articulation, aimed at the social, cultural, economic organisation and the sustainable and political development of Indigenous Peoples and organisations of Mato Grosso. Its main challenges are the guarantee and regularization of land, environmental management, protection of the territory and the fight for Indigenous rights.

CPT (Pastoral Commission of the Earth) is part of the Pastoral Commissions of the Conference of Bishops of Brazil. It was created to defend the peasants and ensure a supportive and fraternal presence among the rural populations. Present in many dioceses, it is committed to the crucial issue of sharing the land and against the destruction of the environment.

Envol Vert acts for the preservation of forests and biodiversity in Latin America (mainly Colombia and Peru) and in France. Since 2011, we have been developing concrete and effective field projects that include the reforestation of degraded areas, the development of agroforestry and alternatives to illegal logging such as ecotourism, the development of nature reserves, conservation, and reintroduction of species. Envol Vert also conducts communication campaigns and awareness-raising actions to encourage businesses and citizens to change their production and consumption patterns.

Mighty Earth is a global environmental campaign organization that works to protect forests, conserve oceans, and address climate change. We work to drive large-scale action towards environmentally responsible agriculture that protects native ecosystems, wildlife, and water, and respects local community rights. Our campaigns and our team have played a leading role in persuading the world’s largest food and agriculture companies to adopt policies to eliminate deforestation and human rights abuse from their supply chains, and driven adoption of multi-billion dollar shifts to clean energy.

Notre Affaire à Tous is an association that works to protect life, the natural commons and the climate through the use of law. Coming from the movement for the recognition of the crime of ecocide in international law in order to punish the most serious crimes against the environment and at the origin of the “Affair of the Century,” the members of Notre Affaire à Tous position themselves as “advocates for the planet”, seeking to establish through case law, legal advocacy, and citizen mobilization an effective and objective responsibility of humans towards the environment.

Seattle Avocats is a law firm specializing in issues of corporate liability for environmental and human rights violations. Mr. Sébastien Mabile and Mr. François de Cambiaire represent NGOs and communities within the framework of the first actions brought on the basis of the law on the duty of vigilance of companies, in particular against Total and against the transport group XPO Logistics, and are interested in particular to the debates underway at international and European level on the social and criminal responsibility of multinationals. With regard to particularly serious damage to the environment having equally serious consequences on the rights of Indigenous populations, the Seattle Avocats law firm provides its support and expertise to the international coalition of associations which call on the Casino group to stand by. comply with the law on the duty of vigilance.

Sherpa is an association created in 2001 whose mission is to fight new forms of impunity linked to globalization and to defend communities that are victims of economic crimes. Sherpa works to put the law at the service of a fairer globalization. The action of the association is based on four interdependent tools: research, litigation, advocacy and capacity building. These actions are carried out by a team of jurists and lawyers. Sherpa’s activities have helped compensate communities affected by economic crimes, and have contributed to historic court rulings against multinational companies and groundbreaking legislative policies.

Canopée Forets Vivantes is a new organization founded in 2018 which surges from the critical need to build a citizen counter-power to better protect forests in France and in the world. We are a bell-ringer association that reports the threats on forests. We not only report, what we want is acting at the root of the issues by producing a quality counter-expertise and bringing it to the public space. Canopée is a member of Friends of the Earth and of the group SOS Forêt.

France Nature Environment is the French federation of Voluntary Organizations for nature preservation and environmental protection. We bring together 3 500 French NGOs, across 53 organizations in French mainland and overseas territories. Since 1968, we have been fighting for ecological transition by leading citizen mobilization. We raise public awareness through environmental education. We are constantly striving to improve environmental law. We regularly contribute to French and European public policies for better environmental regulations. Through whistleblowing, we make sure they actually are enforced.


Comunidades indígenas de la Amazonía y ONGs internacionales demandan al gigante de los supermercados Casino / Pão de Açúcar / Éxito por deforestación y violaciones de derechos humanos

Comunidades indígenas de la Amazonía y ONGs internacionales demandan al gigante de los supermercados Casino / Pão de Açúcar / Éxito por deforestación y violaciones de derechos humanos

En el primer caso presentado contra la cadena minorista bajo la pionera ley francesa que previene violaciones de derechos humanos y daños ambientales en las cadenas de suministro, los grupos indígenas solicitan reparación por daños ocasionados

3 Marzo 2021: Pueblos indígenas de la Amazonía brasileña y colombiana, así como organizaciones no gubernamentales de Francia y Estados Unidos, presentaron hoy una demanda en la corte de Saint-Etienne, Francia contra el gigante global minorista, Grupo Casino, por vender carne de vaca asociada con la deforestación y el acaparamiento de tierras.

Esta es la primera vez que una cadena de supermercados es llevada a los tribunales por deforestación y violaciones a los derechos humanos. Bajo la ley francesa de diligencia debida, adoptada en marzo de 2017 (“loi sur le devoir de vigilance” en francés), los grupos indígenas reclaman una indemnización por los daños causados a sus territorios tradicionales y el impacto en sus medios de vida.

Destrucción ambiental y violaciones de derechos humanos

La demanda presentada alega violaciones sistemáticas de los derechos humanos y las leyes ambientales en la cadena de suministro de Grupo Casino, en Brasil y Colombia, durante un largo período de tiempo. Según la evidencia recopilada y analizada por el Centro de Análisis de Delitos Climáticos (CCCA) para este caso, el Grupo Casino compraba regularmente carne vacuna de tres mataderos propiedad de JBS, la más grande empacadora de carne del mundo. Los tres mataderos se abastecieron de ganado de 592 proveedores responsables de al menos 50.000 hectáreas de deforestación entre 2008 y 2020 (1). El área deforestada es equivalente a cinco veces el tamaño de París.

La evidencia presentada en esta demanda también muestra violaciones a los derechos de los pueblos indígenas. En uno de los casos documentados, la tierra de propiedad ancestral de la comunidad de Uru Eu Wau Wau, ubicada en el estado de Rondônia en Brasil, fue invadida y explotada por granjas de ganado que suministran carne de vaca al supermercado Pão de Açúcar, filial del Grupo Casino en Brasil.

Responsabilidad de Grupo Casino 

A pesar de los numerosos reportes que ligan a los productos del Grupo Casino con la deforestación y el acaparamiento de tierras, la empresa no ha revisado las políticas de control y aplicación para garantizar que no existan violaciones de derechos humanos o ambientales en toda su cadena de suministro. La empresa ha manifestado a los demandantes que “debido al bajo número de informes que relacionan al ganado como motor de la deforestación en Colombia” el Grupo Casino no considera pertinente incluir al país en el alcance de su plan de debida diligencia. Sin embargo, Colombia tiene una de las tasas de deforestación más altas del mundo, siendo la ganadería la causa principal. (2).

A pesar del creciente número de informes que vincula a la mayor empresa cárnica del mundo, JBS, con la deforestación e incluso con la esclavitud (3), el Grupo Casino sigue comprando carne a JBS. El Grupo Casino ha fallado en comprometerse a vender solo carne sin deforestación ni conversión de sabanas en sus tiendas Pão de Açúcar, Casino o Grupo Éxito.

Grupo Casino es la cadena de supermercados más grande de Brasil y Colombia, ya que es propietario y controla las marcas Pão de Açúcar en Brasil y Grupo Éxito en Colombia. Las operaciones de Casino en América del Sur representan casi la mitad (47%) de los ingresos globales del grupo.

La ley de Debida Diligencia de Francia exige que las empresas con sede en Francia y con más de 5.000 empleados tomen medidas adecuadas y efectivas para prevenir violaciones graves de derechos humanos y ambientales en todas sus cadenas de suministro. Si no lo hacen, pueden ser consideradas responsables y condenadas a pagar compensaciones por daños y perjuicios.

El punto de inflexión de la Amazonia

La ganadería es el principal impulsor de la deforestación en América del Sur, en particular en Brasil. Según la Agencia Espacial de Brasil (INPE), la deforestación de la selva amazónica se ha disparado a su máximo en 12 años. El Amazonas está en peligro de alcanzar un punto de no retorno al cambiar de una selva tropical a pastizales abiertos.

En diciembre del año pasado, el gobierno de Brasil eliminó cualquier medida para enfrentar la deforestación en el plan nacional de acción climática (conocido como NDC en inglés) bajo el Acuerdo de París, pese a que la pérdida de bosques sigue siendo la principal fuente de emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero del país.

Comentarios de los demandantes

Los demandantes en este proceso incluyen a la Coordinadora de Organizaciones Indígenas de la Amazonía Brasileña (COIAB), la Organización Nacional de Pueblos Indígenas de la Amazonía Colombiana (OPIAC), la Federación de Pueblos Indígenas de Pará (FEPIPA), la Federación de Pueblos Indígenas y Organizaciones de Mato Grosso (FEPIPA), la Comisión Pastoral de la Tierra (CPT), Canopée, Envol Vert,  France Nature Environnement, Mighty Earth, Notre Affaire à Tous y Sherpa.

La amplitud y diversidad de la coalición testimonia la huella global y la variedad de impactos causados por la producción industrial de carne, así como de la necesidad de entablar una defensa colectiva.

Luis Eloy Terena, líder del Pueblo Terena de Brasil, y asesor legal de COIAB, dijo: “Es importante que la COIAB sea parte de esta demanda porque la Amazonía brasileña se encuentra dentro del ámbito de acción de defensa de los derechos y garantías constitucionales de los pueblos indígenas que aquí habitan. También somos responsables de defender a los pueblos aislados o de contacto reciente. Como dejamos claro en la denuncia, la demanda de carne vacuna por parte de Casino y Pão de Açúcar trae deforestación y acaparamiento de tierras, violencia, y el asesinato de líderes indígenas cuando optan por resistir. Con esta demanda buscamos responsabilizar a la empresa por las consecuencias de estos impactos y aliviar la realidad que enfrentan nuestros Pueblos Indígenas en sus Tierras.”

Fany Kuiru Castro del Pueblo Uitoto de Colombia, y directora de la OPIAC dijo: “La ganadería, los monocultivos y otras industrias extractivas están poniendo en riesgo nuestras vidas y exterminando a los pueblos indígenas. Por lo tanto, esta acción legal por desatender las demandas en la cadena de suministro de carne, que provienen de la ganadería, cuenta con el pleno respaldo de nuestra organización”.

Boris Patentreger, co fundador de Envol Vert, sostuvo: “En 2021, en un mundo donde técnicamente podemos rastrear y monitorear todo, un grupo internacional llamado Casino, que ha experimentado un tremendo crecimiento en América del Sur en los últimos años, no logra eliminar la deforestación en toda su cadena de suministro. ¡Eso es inaceptable! “

Lucie Chatelain, abogado de Sherpa, dijo:El número de casos de deforestación y abusos a los derechos humanos que se han documentado en la cadena de suministro de Casino en Brasil, muestra que sus supuestas medidas de vigilancia no son adecuadas ni efectivas. Sherpa defendió con éxito durante años la adopción de la Ley del Deber de Vigilancia de Francia y este caso es emblemático de las violaciones que precisamente pretende evitar.”

Sebastien Mabile, abogado de Seattle Avocats, dijo: “Esta demanda demostrará la amplitud y profundidad de la Ley del Deber de Vigilancia de Francia, que se aplica a toda la cadena de suministro, tanto en Francia como en el extranjero. La ley impone a las corporaciones multinacionales acciones para prevenir incumplimientos proporcionales a los riesgos identificados, así como estrictos controles sociales y judiciales. La gravedad de las infracciones documentadas en este caso nos lleva a iniciar la primera acción de responsabilidad en base a este texto.”

Nico Muzi, director para Europa de Mighty Earth, dijo: “JBS no solo es la empresa cárnica más grande del mundo, sino que también es uno de los peores destructores de bosques de Brasil. Por esta razón, el Grupo Casino no debe comprar un solo kilo más de carne a JBS. Pero también pedimos a otros grandes supermercados europeos como Carrefour, Tesco, Albert Heijn y Lidl que rompan sus vínculos con la deforestación, la matanza del Amazonas y que dejen de comprarle a JBS.”

Cecilia Rinaudo, coordinadora general Notre Affaire à Tous, dijo:Este caso es un trágico ejemplo de la interdependencia entre el medio ambiente y los derechos humanos, ambos protegidos por la ley del Deber de Diligencia. Casino solo identifica el trabajo esclavo como un riesgo asociado en su cadena de suministro sin tomar ninguna medida para erradicarlo. Además, la empresa falló en identificar el acaparamiento de tierras como una amenaza para los derechos humanos, a pesar de muchos informes sobre este conocido tema. El Grupo Casino no puede permanecer pasivo y debe adoptar medidas concretas para prevenir estos importantes riesgos.”

Adeline Favrel, coordinador de campaña por los bosques de France Nature Environnement, dijo: Francia adoptó la ley del Deber de Vigilancia en 2017 y la Estrategia Nacional Contra la Deforestación Importada en 2018. Estas políticas públicas deben traducirse en acciones concretas de empresas como Casino para detener finalmente la deforestación.”

Klervi Le Guenic, campañista de Canopée dijo:“Casino no es el único minorista responsable, todos tienen el poder de cambiar las cosas. Carrefour es uno de los minoristas más grandes de Brasil y también está particularmente expuesto a la deforestación. Tienen que deshacerse de las empresas cárnicas vinculadas a la destrucción del Amazonas”.

Notas para editores: 

  1. La semana pasada, el grupo de periodismo de investigación Reporter Brasil publicó un nuevo informe que muestra que las tres cadenas de supermercados más grandes de Brasil, Casino Pão de Açúcar, Carrefour y Grupo Big han vendido carne de res de mega granjas que talaron ilegalmente miles de hectáreas de bosques.
  2. Informe de frentes de deforestación, 2021. 
  3. Históricamente, la actividad comercial en las zonas rurales de Brasil ha sido responsable de esclavitud y trabajo forzoso. El sector con mayor número de casos de esclavitud es la ganadería. Según la Comisión Pastoral de la Tierra y los datos del Gobierno Federal de Brasil, casi la mitad (47%) de los casos de trabajo esclavo identificados entre 2003 y 2020 están relacionados con el sector ganadero. La última investigación de Reporter Brasil rastreó la mayoría de los casos de trabajo esclavo hasta los mataderos de JBS, proveedor clave de Pão de Açúcar de Casino.

Miembros de la Coalición:

OPIAC (Organización Nacional de los Pueblos Indígenas de la Amazonia Colombiana) es la organización Indígena colombiana de los Pueblos Indígenas de la Amazonía colombiana ante instituciones nacionales e internacionales. Su principal objetivo es lograr que todos los derechos colectivos e individuales de sus integrantes sean respetados y reconocidos por todos los actores ubicados en la región amazónica colombiana.

COIAB (Coordinadora de Organizaciones Indígenas de la Amazonia Brasileña) fundada el 19 de abril de 1989, es la organización indígena regional más grande de Brasil, surgió por iniciativa de líderes de organizaciones indígenas. La misión de COIAB es defender los derechos de los pueblos indígenas a las tierras, la salud, la educación, la cultura y la sostenibilidad, tomando en cuenta la diversidad de los pueblos y buscando su autonomía a través de la articulación política y el fortalecimiento de las organizaciones indígenas.

FEPIPA (Federación de Pueblos Indígenas de Pará) fundada en abril de 2016, es una organización indígena, creada para promover el bienestar social, político, económico y cultural y los derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas. Su objetivo es defender y discutir los intereses colectivos de los pueblos y comunidades indígenas del Estado de Pará, promoviendo su organización social, cultural, económica y política, fortaleciendo su autonomía.

FEPOIMT (Federación de Pueblos Indígenas de Mato Grosso) creada en junio de 2016 nació de la necesidad de unión para la acción y articulación política, orientada a la organización social, cultural, económica y al desarrollo político y sostenible de los Pueblos y organizaciones Indígenas de Mato Grosso. Sus principales desafíos son la garantía y regularización de la tierra, la gestión ambiental, la protección del territorio y la lucha por los derechos indígenas.

CPT (Comisión Pastoral de la Tierra) forma parte de las Comisiones Pastorales de la Conferencia de Obispos de Brasil. Fue creado para defender a los campesinos y asegurar una presencia solidaria y fraterna entre las poblaciones rurales. Presente en muchas diócesis, está comprometida con el tema crucial de compartir la tierra y contra la destrucción del medio ambiente.

Envol Vert actúa para la preservación de los bosques y la biodiversidad en América Latina (principalmente Colombia y Perú) y en Francia. Desde 2011, desarrolla proyectos de campo concretos y efectivos que incluyen la reforestación de áreas degradadas, el desarrollo de la agroforestería y alternativas a la tala ilegal como el ecoturismo, el desarrollo de reservas naturales, conservación y reintroducción de especies. Envol Vert también realiza campañas de comunicación y acciones de sensibilización para animar a las empresas y la ciudadanía a cambiar sus patrones de producción y consumo.

Mighty Earth es una organización ecologista global que trabaja para proteger los bosques, conservar los océanos y abordar el cambio climático. Impulsa acciones a gran escala hacia una agricultura ambientalmente responsable que proteja los ecosistemas nativos, la vida silvestre y el agua, y respete los derechos de las comunidades locales. Las campañas Mighty Earth y su equipo han desempeñado un papel de liderazgo en persuadir a las empresas alimentarias y agrícolas más grandes del mundo para que adopten políticas para eliminar la deforestación y el abuso de los derechos humanos de sus cadenas de suministro, y han impulsado la adopción de cambios multimillonarios hacia la energía limpia.

Notre Affaire à Tous es una asociación que trabaja para proteger la vida, los bienes comunes naturales y el clima mediante el uso de la ley. Procedentes del movimiento por el reconocimiento del delito de ecocidio en el derecho internacional para sancionar los delitos más graves contra el medio ambiente y en el origen del “Asunto del Siglo”, los miembros de Notre Affaire à Tous se posicionan como “ defensores del planeta ”, buscando establecer a través de la jurisprudencia, la abogacía y la movilización ciudadana una responsabilidad efectiva y objetiva del ser humano hacia el medio ambiente.

Seattle Avocats es un despacho de abogados especializado en temas de responsabilidad corporativa por violaciones ambientales y de derechos humanos. El Sr. Sébastien Mabile y el Sr. François de Cambiaire representan a organizaciones no gubernamentales y comunidades en el marco de las primeras acciones iniciadas con base en la ley sobre el deber de vigilancia de las empresas, en particular contra Total y contra el grupo de transporte XPO Logistics, y están interesados en particular en los debates en curso a nivel internacional y europeo sobre la responsabilidad social y penal de las multinacionales. Con respecto a los daños particularmente graves al medio ambiente que tienen consecuencias igualmente graves sobre los derechos de las poblaciones indígenas, el bufete de abogados Seattle Avocats brinda su apoyo y experiencia a la coalición internacional de asociaciones que piden al grupo Casino que se mantenga al margen y cumpla con la ley sobre el deber de vigilancia.

Sherpa es una asociación creada en 2001 que tiene como misión luchar contra las nuevas formas de impunidad ligadas a la globalización y defender a las comunidades víctimas de delitos económicos. Sherpa trabaja para poner la ley al servicio de una globalización más justa. La acción de la asociación se basa en cuatro herramientas interdependientes: investigación, litigio, incidencia y desarrollo de capacidades. Estas acciones son realizadas por un equipo de juristas y abogados. Las actividades de Sherpa han ayudado a compensar a las comunidades afectadas por delitos económicos y han contribuido a fallos judiciales históricos contra empresas multinacionales y políticas legislativas innovadoras.

Canopée Forets Vivantes es una nueva organización fundada en 2018 que surge de la necesidad crítica de construir un contrapoder ciudadano para proteger mejor los bosques en Francia y en el mundo. Es una asociación campana que informa sobre las amenazas a los bosques. No solo informa, lo que busca es actuar en la raíz de los problemas produciendo una contra-experiencia de calidad y llevándola al espacio público. Canopée es miembro de Friends of the Earth y del grupo SOS Forêt.

France Nature Environnement es la federación francesa de organizaciones voluntarias para la conservación de la naturaleza y la protección del medio ambiente. Reúne a 3 500 ONG francesas, en 53 organizaciones en territorio francés continental y de ultramar. Desde 1968, lucha por la transición ecológica liderando la movilización ciudadana. Sensibiliza al público a través de la educación ambiental y se esfuerza constantemente por mejorar la legislación ambiental. Contribuye regularmente a las políticas públicas francesas y europeas para mejorar las regulaciones ambientales. A través de la denuncia de irregularidades, se aseguran de que realmente se cumplan.


Myanmar Security Forces: Stop Violent Attacks on Peaceful Demonstrators

Killings of Unarmed Civilians Demand Urgent Investigation & Accountability

Mighty Earth calls on Myanmar security forces to immediately cease violent attacks on peaceful protesters that have resulted in multiple deaths and injuries of unarmed civilians in the past 72 hours in cities across the country. We are dismayed by reports from multiple credible sources – including the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights – that “ police and military forces have confronted peaceful demonstrations, using lethal force and less-than-lethal force that…has left at least 18 people dead and over 30 wounded.”

We stand with the people of Myanmar in asserting that they should not be subjected to lethal force merely for peacefully exercising their universal human rights of freedom of expression and freedom of association. We urge Myanmar’s military leadership to work with the country’s democratically elected officials and civil society to establish a clear and rapid return to civilian rule. Myanmar’s forests and the rights of its people depend on a legitimate government.

“The peaceful exercise of the universal human rights of freedom of expression, assembly and association anywhere in the world, but particularly Myanmar at this moment, requires respect and protection, not extrajudicial executions by security forces who fail in their obligation to honor such basic freedoms,” said Glenn Hurowitz, Chief Executive Officer at Mighty Earth. “The Myanmar military leadership must respect the rights and legitimate democratic aspirations of the Myanmar people, or face global pariah status for choosing unlawful violence over peaceful engagement.”


Major industrial companies and civil society groups support new global framework for decarbonizing heavy industry

The first of its kind, a global framework to call upon policymakers to decarbonize their heavy industries as part of COVID-19 economic recovery plans has been released today. The following civil society groups and major industrial businesses have endorsed the Framework Principles for Global Heavy Industrial Decarbonization:

Alliance for Energy Efficient Economy (India), Aldersgate Group (EU), Architecture 2030 (US), Carbon Leadership Forum (North America), Clean Energy Canada, Corporate Leaders Group (EU) , Envision (China), Global Efficiency Intelligence (US), Global Energy Monitor (US/Global), Godrej Industries(India) , United Nations High Level Champions, Jinko Solar (China), JSW Energy (India), JSW Cement, LanzaTech (US) , Mahindra Group (India), Solutions for Our Climate (South Korea) and Tata Steel (India).

By officially endorsing the framework, these influential actors are coming together across sectors to call out the urgent need to accelerate and scale-up the decarbonization of heavy industry to align with the goals of the Paris Agreement, including the need to limit warming to 1.5°C.

Established by international non-profit the Climate Group and campaign organisation Mighty Earth, The Global Framework Principles for the Decarbonization of Heavy Industry has been developed in close coordination with industry experts. It’s the first time a set of publicly available global guide rails has provided clear steps for how heavy industries like steel, cement, and chemicals across the world can stimulate economic growth while aligning with a 1.5°C climate trajectory.

The framework sets out six core principles, each of which represent an essential lever that policymakers can use to ensure the successful decarbonization of steel, cement, chemicals and other heavy industries. These include tying heavy industry public financing to emissions reduction plans, and prioritising investment in low- and zero-carbon technologies that will help phase out fossil fuel use in industrial processes.

Jenny Chu, Head of Energy Productivity Initiatives at the Climate Group said: “In the wake of COVID-19, we have a critical window to reinvent and reimagine our global industrial economy for the better. Time is of the essence to adopt this framework and to avoid locking in inefficient, high-emitting industrial capital. Global leaders need to urgently put these principles into action while collaborating and coordinating efforts to ensure industry moves as a whole, creating a race to the top for a sustainable, just, and healthy industrial future."

Margaret Hansbrough, Mighty Earth campaign director, said: “The last few months we have seen an unexpected cascade of net zero and carbon neutral commitments from steel, cement, and other heavy industry companies. With this framework, these companies and civil society groups are sending a very loud and clear signal to policymakers around the world, they are ready to get to work immediately on serious and collaborative policy measures to keep our planet from heating beyond 1.5C and fulfil those climate commitments with unprecedented urgency and action. Let’s get to work.”

Nigel Topping, COP26 High Level Champion and Gonzalo Munoz, COP25 High Level Champion said: “We welcome this policy framework, which is a powerful tool to raise ambition and inject urgency at the exact moment when industrial economies around the world are trying to recover the livelihoods of millions, prevent more needless deaths from the pandemic, and fight the climate emergency we are all living in.”

Prashant Jain, JMD & CEO, JSW Energy said: “We are happy to support the Global Framework Principles on Heavy Industry initiative. Industrial emissions account for nearly a third of global greenhouse gas emissions, which means this is a critical area to focus decarbonization efforts to help limit global warming to 1.5°C.AtJSWEnergywehave committed ourselves towards carbon neutrality by 2050 and setting science based targets as per the Science BasedTarget initiative.”

Dr. Jennifer Holmgren, CEO, LanzaTech, Inc. said: “LanzaTech is an innovative US-headquartered company that sits at the nexus of hard-to-abate sectors from heavy industry to aviation creating carbon recycling solutions, creating and retaining good paying jobs. It is imperative that businesses like ours use our expertise and our voice to call for the most effective climate policy in countries around our interconnected world so that we can keep our planet habitable.  We are thrilled to join this effort of companies and civil society around the world setting out a clear policy framework for heavy industry decarbonization and are eager to get to work with the Biden-Harris Administration and other global leaders on this critical front in the climate fight”

Heavy industry uses about a third of all energy and accounts for roughly a quarter of all global greenhouse gas emissions, which makes this a critical area to focus decarbonization efforts. However, political leaders have yet to lock in a low carbon recovery for their heavy industries or even make it a top climate policy priority. In the coming months, as Europe, China, Japan, Korea, India, and North America deliberate on recovery and climate policies, the Climate Group, Mighty Earth and their allies will be calling on political and business leaders to embrace this global framework.

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About Mighty Earth
Mighty Earth is a global environmental campaign organization that works to protect forests, conserve oceans, and address climate change. We work in Southeast Asia, Latin America, Africa, and North America to drive large-scale action towards environmentally responsible agriculture that protects native ecosystems, wildlife, and water, and respects local community rights. Mighty Earth’s team has played a decisive role in persuading the world’s largest food and agriculture companies to dramatically improve their environmental and social policies and practices. More information on Mighty Earth can be found at www.mightyearth.org/.

About the Climate Group
The Climate Group drives climate action. Fast. Our goal is a world of net zero carbon emissions by 2050, with greater prosperity for all. We focus on systems with the highest emissions and where our networks have the greatest opportunity to drive change. We do this by building large and influential networks and holding organisations accountable, turning their commitments into action. We share what we achieve together to show more organisations what they could do. We are an international non-profit organisation, founded in 2004, with offices in London, New Delhi and New York. We are proud to be part of the We Mean Business coalition. Follow us on Twitter @ClimateGroup.


Le géant de la volaille LDC renforce ses engagements contre la déforestation: notre réaction

English

Le numéro 1 européen de la volaille, le groupe LDC, qui possède les marques Marie, Le Gaulois ou encore Maître Coq adopte de nouvelles mesures pour mettre fin à ses importations de soja lié à la déforestation. Une annonce qui accroît la pression sur les négociants internationaux de soja. Notre analyse.

Suite à notre campagne d’interpellation et à plusieurs échanges, le groupe LDC vient d’annoncer qu’il demanderait désormais à ses fournisseurs une traçabilité détaillée et une exclusion des lots de soja qui proviennent de parcelles déforestées ou converties après le 1er janvier 2020 (1).

L’annonce du groupe est une bonne première étape mais non suffisante, explique Klervi Le Guenic, chargée de campagne à Canopée: “L’engagement du groupe LDC est un signal très clair envoyé aux négociants de soja mais celui-ci doit être suivi d’actions. Le groupe LDC doit rompre ses relations commerciales avec les négociants s’ils continuent à être complices de déforestation. Nous y serons d’autant plus attentifs que le groupe est soumis à la loi sur le devoir de vigilance et donc dans l’obligation légale de prévenir ce risque.”

Nico Muzi, directeur européen à Mighty Earth, ajoute: “L’étau se resserre sur les négociants de soja qui sont au cœur de la filière. Quelques entreprises comme Cargill et Bunge concentrent l’essentiel du marché: jusqu’à présent ces entreprises ont toujours refusé d’être transparentes et d’exclure les grands producteurs responsables de déforestation. La cascade d’engagements d’acteurs français est en train de changer la donne.” (2)

Après l’engagement des enseignes de la grande distribution en novembre 2020, c’est un acteur majeur de la filière agro-alimentaire qui s’engage et demande au gouvernement d’accélérer la mise en œuvre d’un mécanisme de gestion des risques liés au soja. En effet, aujourd’hui, il n’existe aucune transparence sur l’origine des importations de soja alors que ces informations sont disponibles.

En septembre 2020, Canopée a remis à Bérangère Abba, Secrétaire d’Etat à la Biodiversité, un rapport du Comité Scientifique et Technique Forêt avec des propositions concrètes pour mettre fin aux importations de soja à risque (3). Parmi ses recommandations, un renforcement de la responsabilité des entreprises et une plus grande transparence sur les données douanières et satellitaires permettant d’identifier les négociants complices de déforestation.

Sylvain Angerand qui a coordonné ce travail conclut: “De nombreux acteurs sont prêts à mettre fin à la déforestation mais une politique publique ne se construit pas sur l’accumulation d’engagements volontaires, plus ou moins précis. Le gouvernement doit s’appuyer sur cette dynamique pour accroître l’accès aux informations et renforcer les obligations de responsabilités de l’ensemble des entreprises au niveau national et européen”.

Pour faire face à la demande croissante de viande, la France importe massivement du soja, principalement en provenance du Brésil. Or là bas, ce sont des pans entiers de forêts qui sont rasés pour faire place à cette culture, particulièrement dans la région du Cerrado. Près de 50% du soja importé pour l’alimentation animale est à destination de la volaille (poulets et poules pondeuses). Le géant de la volaille utilise des centaines de milliers de tonnes de soja du Brésil pour produire ses 750 000 tonnes de volaille chaque année en France.
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  1. Voir l’annonce de LDC: https://www.ldc.fr/le-groupe-ldc-renforce-ses-engagements-et-son-objectif-soja-zero-deforestation/
  2. Outil de surveillance de la déforestation liée au soja et au bétail: Soy and Cattle Tracker - Mighty Earth
  3. Voir le rapport du CST: https://www.canopee-asso.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/Rapport-SOJA_09-2020-1.pdf

Europe’s largest poultry company pledges to stop buying soy from deforested land in the Cerrado after 2020

Français

The biggest chicken producer in Europe, Groupe LDC, has adopted new measures to stop buying soy linked to deforestation in Brazil. This is yet another announcement that increases pressure on global soy traders.

Following the joint campaign of NGOs Mighty Earth and Canopée, Groupe LDC has just announced that it will now ask its suppliers for detailed traceability and the exclusion of soy cultivated on deforested or converted land after January 1, 2020 in Brazil’s Cerrado region.

The company pledge is a good first step but it is not sufficient, explains Klervi Le Guenic, campaigner at French NGO Canopée. Le Guenic said: “The Groupe LDC’s commitment is a very clear signal for soy traders, but it must be followed by actions. LDC must suspend commercial relations with traders if they continue to be complicit with deforestation. We will be watching the company very closely as it is subject to France’s due diligence law and hence has the legal obligation to prevent and mitigate any risk associated with deforestation in its supply chain."

Nico Muzi, Europe director at Mighty Earth, said: “The noose is tightening on soy traders who hold the key to halt deforestation in the Cerrado. So far soy traders Cargill and Bunge have refused to be transparent and exclude massive soy producers responsible for the destruction of forests. The drip, drip, drip of commitments from key French industrial players is changing the situation.” 

Following the commitment of supermarket chains back in November, this is yet another major player in the agri-food sector that commits to deforestation-free soy and asks the government to speed up the implementation of a mechanism for managing deforestation risks linked to soy imports. In fact, today, there is no transparency on the origin of soy imports, even though this information is available to the government.

In September 2020, Canopée submitted to Bérangère Abba, France’s Secretary of State for Biodiversity, a report by the Scientific and Technical Committee on Forests with concrete proposals to stop imports of high-risk soy. The report recommended increasing corporate responsibility and greater transparency on customs and satellite data to identify traders complicit with deforestation.

Sylvain Angerand, who coordinated this report, said: “Many actors are ready to put an end to deforestation but a public policy cannot be built on the sum of voluntary commitments. The government must build on this momentum to improve access to information and strengthen the accountability obligations of all companies at national and European level.”

To meet the ever-growing demand for meat, France massively imports soy, mainly from Brazil. But entire chunks of forests in Brazil are cleared and replaced by soy crops, particularly in the Cerrado region. Almost 50% of the soy imported for animal feed is used for poultry (chickens and laying hens). The company uses hundreds of thousands of tons ofsoy from Brazil to produce its 750 000 tons of poultry each year in France.


Grist: How to stop runaway deforestation? Look at Indonesia.

Following a new analysis from the supply-chain watching nonprofit, Chain Reaction Research, Grist spoke with Mighty Earth's CEO Glenn Hurowitz to discuss the significance of the results.

In areas dominated by the palm-oil industry like Southeast Asia, deforestation has plummeted.

“This is the fourth straight year that palm-oil deforestation has been at a fraction of historic levels, and trending down,” said Glenn Hurowitz, CEO of the environmental nonprofit, Mighty Earth.

Read the full story here.


Communiqué de presse Mighty Earth sur la nouvelle carte de responsabilité du cacao 3.0

English

La nouvelle carte de responsabilité du cacao 3.0 de Mighty Earth révèle 47 000 hectares de déforestation dans les principales régions productrices de cacao en Afrique de l'Ouest.

Washington, DC, 18 février 2021 - Lors du lancement de sa troisième mise à jour de la carte responsabilité pour le cacao, l'organisation de campagne environnementale de campagne globale, Mighty Earth, révèle que 47 000 hectares de déforestation ― plus de quatre fois la taille de la ville de Paris― s'est produit dans les régions productrices de cacao de Côte d'Ivoire, au cours de l'année écoulée. Ceci en dépit de l’engagement du gouvernement et de l’industrie du cacao à atteindre zéro déforestation et à mettre en place un mécanisme de suivi conjoint dans le cadre de l’Initiative Cacao et Forêts (CFI). Ce constat provient des données du système satellitaire d’alerte précoce des perturbations forestières qui montre près de 70 000 hectares de perturbations forestières dans le plus grand pays producteur de cacao au monde.

En collaboration avec Map Hubs et Vivid Economics - IMAGES, cette ressource révolutionnaire permet désormais aux entreprises et au gouvernement de mieux exécuter des enquêtes mensuelles de diligence raisonnable. Couvrant près de 2 000 coopératives de cacao en Côte d’Ivoire, la troisième version de la carte interactive et de la base de données intégrée permet aux utilisateurs d’examiner les schémas de déforestation, d’avoir accès à des cartes d'alerte, une carte du travail des enfants, une liste de pisteurs reconnus légalement et de consultez des indices de risque de déforestation afin de les anticiper.

La carte de responsabilité du cacao 3.0 devrait contribuer très significativement à l’amélioration croissante de la traçabilité et à révolutionner la transparence en incluant des informations récemment communiquées sur presque toutes les grandes chaînes d'approvisionnement en cacao des grandes entreprises de cacao et de chocolat opérant en Côte d’Ivoire. Elle présente également la recherche sur la chaîne d'approvisionnement du cacao créée par l’organisation Trase, révélant les flux commerciaux internationaux de cacao en provenance du Pérou, de la Colombie, du Brésil, du Ghana et de Côte d'Ivoire.

« La carte de responsabilité du cacao 3.0 s'appuie sur le travail pionnier de Mighty Earth pour établir un mécanisme de suivi conjoint pour le cacao », déclare Samuel Mawutor, conseiller principal chez Mighty Earth. « Bien que plusieurs acteurs du secteur fassent de grands progrès pour divulguer plus d'informations sur leur chaîne d'approvisionnement mondiale, le secteur manque toujours de transparence et de responsabilité. Cette carte comble le vide et fait le travail que l'industrie et le gouvernement ont promis, trois ans auparavant, de faire dans le cadre de l’Initiative Cacao et Forêts. Nous sommes fiers de collaborer avec nos partenaires Vivid Economics, Trase et Enveritas pour rendre plus efficace la surveillance de l'environnement et des droits de l'homme, en même temps. »

« Le travail de Mighty Earth pour améliorer la transparence dans l’industrie du cacao en Côte d’Ivoire est urgent et très important, » soutient Drissa Bamba, président du Mouvement Ivoirien des Droits Humains (MIDH). « En tant qu’organisation de défense et de promotion des droits humains nous ne pouvons que saluer cet engagement et inviter les autres parties prenantes (Gouvernement, négociants et compagnies) à y apporter tout leur soutien. Cela permettra d’améliorer la bonne gouvernance du secteur et de mettre fin à de nombreuses violations des droits de l’homme ».

Malgré les contributions des principales sociétés de cacao et de chocolat, de nombreuses autres n'ont pas encore répondu de manière adéquate aux cas de déforestation dans leurs chaînes d'approvisionnement et ne parviennent pas à améliorer la traçabilité de leur produit au-delà du niveau des coopératives.

« Mighty Earth appelle toutes les entreprises à publier immédiatement leur chaîne d'approvisionnement sur leur site Web, y compris toutes leurs chaînes d'approvisionnement indirectes, les achats sur le marché SPOTT (Transparence des politiques de développement durable) et les pisteurs, » soutient Amourlaye Touré, conseiller principal chez Mighty Earth. «Aucune entreprise ne peut être considérée comme durable si elle adopte l'opacité. Il y a encore beaucoup à faire pour que la révolution de la traçabilité et de la transparence porte de vrais fruits ! »

La carte de responsabilité du cacao 3.0 est la troisième version d'une carte lancée par Mighty Earth en 2020 pour promouvoir la transparence dans le circuit d'approvisionnement du cacao, un processus qui continue de lutter pour éliminer la déforestation et la pratique néfaste du travail des enfants. Depuis lors, Mighty Earth a continuellement amélioré l'outil, encourageant les parties intéressées à soumettre des informations supplémentaires. Dans un proche avenir, Mighty Earth publiera sa recherche sur la chaîne d'approvisionnement du cacao aux États-Unis basée sur une analyse des données douanières du pays.

À propos de Mighty Earth

Mighty Earth est une organisation de campagne environnementale globale qui œuvre pour protéger les forêts, conserver les océans et lutter contre le changement climatique. Nous travaillons en Asie du Sud-Est, en Amérique latine, en Afrique et en Amérique du Nord pour mener des actions à grande échelle en faveur d'une agriculture respectueuse de l'environnement qui protège les écosystèmes indigènes, la faune et l'eau et respecte les droits des communautés locales. L’équipe de Mighty Earth a joué un rôle décisif en persuadant les plus grandes entreprises alimentaires et agricoles du monde d’améliorer considérablement leurs politiques et pratiques environnementales et sociales. Pour plus d'informations sur Mighty Earth, consultez le site www.mightyearth.org/. 


Mighty Earth’s Cocoa Accountability Map 3.0 Reveals 47,000 Hectares of Deforestation in Prominent Cocoa-Growing Regions of West Africa

Français

In the launch of its third update of the Cocoa Accountability Map, the global environmental campaign organization, Mighty Earth, revealed that 47,000 hectares of deforestation―more than four times the size of the city of Paris―has occurred in cocoa-growing regions of Côte d'Ivoire, in the past year. This is despite the government and the cocoa industry’s commitment to reach zero deforestation and establish a joint monitoring mechanism under the Cocoa & Forests Initiative (CFI). The insight draws on data from the satellite-based Forest Disturbance Early Warning System, which shows nearly 70,000 hectares of forest disturbance in the world’s largest cocoa-producing country.

In collaboration with Map Hubs and Vivid Economics - IMAGES, the groundbreaking resource now empowers companies and the government to better execute monthly due diligence investigations. Covering almost 2,000 cocoa co-ops in Côte D’Ivoire, the third version of the interactive map and integrated database allows users to examine deforestation patterns; gain access to deforestation alert maps, a map of child labor and a list of legally regulated pisteurs; and consult its Deforestation Risk Index to predict deforestation in the future.

The Cocoa Accountability Map 3.0 is widely expected to contribute to the growing traceability and transparency revolution by including newly disclosed information about nearly every major cocoa and chocolate company’s cocoa supply chain within Côte D’Ivoire. It also showcases cocoa supply chain research created by Trase, revealing international trade flows of cocoa from Peru, Colombia, Brazil, Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire.

“The Cocoa Accountability Map 3.0 builds upon the trailblazing work Mighty Earth is doing to establish a joint monitoring mechanism for cocoa,” said Samuel Mawutor, Senior Advisor at Mighty Earth. “Though there are several industry players making great strides to disclose more information about their global supply chain, the industry is still lacking in transparency and accountability. This map fills in the gap and does the work that industry and the government promised to do under the CFI. We’re proud to collaborate with partners Vivid Economics, Trase and Enveritas to make it more effective to monitor the environment and human rights at the same time.”

“Mighty Earth's work to improve transparency in the cocoa industry in Cote d'Ivoire is urgent and very important,” said Drissa Bamba, President of the Ivorian Human Rights Movement. “As an organization dedicated to the defense and promotion of human rights, we can only welcome this commitment and invite other stakeholders―government, traders, and companies―to give it their full support. This will improve the good governance of the sector and put an end to many human rights violations.”

Despite the contributions of leading cocoa and chocolate companies, there are many that still have not yet adequately responded to instances of deforestation in their supply chains and are still grappling with how to increase the traceability of their product beyond the co-op level.

“Mighty Earth calls on all companies to immediately publish their supply chain on their website, including all their indirect supply chains, SPOTT market purchases and pisteurs.” said Amourlaye Toure, Senior Advisor at Mighty Earth. “No company can be deemed sustainable if it embraces opacity. There is so much to be done for the traceability and transparency revolution to bear real fruit.”

The Cocoa Accountability Map 3.0 is the third version of a map Mighty Earth launched in 2020 to promote transparency in the cocoa supply chains ―in a $100 billion industry that continues to struggle with eliminating deforestation and child labor practices. Since then, Mighty Earth has continuously improved the tool, encouraging interested parties to submit additional information. In the near future, Mighty Earth will release its cocoa supply chain research of the United States based on an analysis of the country’s customs data.

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About Mighty Earth
Mighty Earth is a global environmental campaign organization that works to protect forests, conserve oceans, and address climate change. We work in Southeast Asia, Latin America, Africa, and North America to drive large-scale action towards environmentally responsible agriculture that protects native ecosystems, wildlife, and water, and respects local community rights. Mighty Earth’s team has played a decisive role in persuading the world’s largest food and agriculture companies to dramatically improve their environmental and social policies and practices. More information on Mighty Earth can be found at www.mightyearth.org/.


Vorgeschlagenes Deutsches Lieferkettengesetz

Made in Germany bedeutet immer noch Umweltzerstörung und Abholzung von Wäldern

Nach monatelangen Gesprächen enthält das am 13. Februar verkündete Kompromiss-Gesetz keine strengen Sorgfaltspflichten zur Vermeidung von Umweltauswirkungen wie Abholzung oder Zerstörung von bedrohten Lebensräumen für Wildtiere. Es gilt nur für Berlin – Die deutsche Regierung hat sich auf einen Kompromissvorschlag geeinigt, der große deutsche Firmen dazu zwingen soll, ihre Lieferketten zu untersuchen, um sicherzustellen, dass sie weltweit keine Menschenrechte verletzen.

Der Kompromissvorschlag gilt nur für die allergrößten deutschen Firmen und enthält keine harten Durchsetzungsbestimmungen.

Mighty Earth teilt die Meinung vieler deutscher Umwelt-NGOs, dass das vorgeschlagene Gesetz schwach und zutiefst enttäuschend ist.

Das Kompromiss-Gesetz wird:

  • nur Menschenrechtsverletzungen abdecken,
  • Abholzung, Zerstörung von Lebensräumen oder Umweltschäden nicht einbeziehen,
  • für Unternehmen mit mehr als 3.000 Mitarbeitern gelten,
  • nur direkte Zulieferer abdecken und nicht die gesamte Lieferkette,
  • nur über Verwaltungsstrafen durchsetzbar sein und die Möglichkeit ausschließen, dass Unternehmen zivil- oder strafrechtlich zur Verantwortung gezogen werden,
  • Finanzinstitute ausschließen, die Investitionen für Unternehmen tätigen, die Menschenrechtsverletzungen oder die Zerstörung von Ökosystemen begehen,
  • nur die Bundesregierung kann Verfahren wegen Gesetzesverstößen einleiten.

Martin Caldwell, Senior Advisor bei Mighty Earth, sagt: "Die deutsche Regierung hat den Interessen einer kleinen Anzahl von Unternehmen nachgegeben, die den Profit über die Menschen und den Planeten stellen, indem sie es versäumt hat, die Säuberung der deutschen industriellen Lieferketten anzuordnen. 

Bedauerlicherweise bedeutet dies, dass 'Made in Germany' weiterhin mit Umweltzerstörung auf der ganzen Welt in Verbindung gebracht werden wird. Das sind schlechte Nachrichten für deutsche Verbraucher, die von ihrer Regierung erwarten, sie vor dem Risiko zu schützen, Produkte zu kaufen, die mit importierter Abholzung in Verbindung stehen."

Mighty Earth wird sich weiterhin dafür einsetzen, dass Deutschland und der Rest der EU strenge Gesetze zur Sorgfaltspflicht verabschieden.


BNP Paribas gives soy-linked deforestation a five-year free pass

France's largest bank BNP Paribas today announced measures to stop financing deforestation linked to soy and cattle in Brazil by 2025 (1).
  • Given the high stakes, BNP’s initiative is welcomed. But the goals set are far too late while BNP Paribas fails to explain how it will achieve the targets;

  • Reclaim Finance, Canopée Forêts Vivantes, SumOfUs and Mighty Earth call on BNP Paribas to no longer spare giants like Cargill - one of the soy traders most linked to deforestation - even if it means ceasing all financial support to the agribusiness;

  • BNP Paribas is Cargill’s largest financier, with $4 billion in funding provided between 2016 and 2019.

Soy and beef are two of the largest drivers of deforestation in the world, particularly in the biodiverse-rich regions of Cerrado and the Amazon in Brazil. BNP commits to immediately drop companies that continue clearing forests or converting land in the Amazon. However, apart from cattle mega-farms, a few companies will be affected given that a moratorium banning deforestation linked to soy after 2008 already exists and has been very effective in halting soy-driven deforestation in the Amazon. Thus, the ambition of BNP Paribas measures must be judged based on the targets set to protect the Cerrado.

BNP Paribas commits to provide "financial products or services only to companies with strategies to achieve zero deforestation in their production and supply chains by 2025 at the latest". But the bank says it is only ready to encourage (not force) companies operating in the Cerrado not to produce or buy beef or soybeans from land converted after the cut-off date of 1st January of 2020, a date set by the Accountability Framework Initiative (2).

Lucie Pinson, founder and director of Reclaim Finance, said: “Some would say we won 5 years because many traders like Cargill have policies that aim for zero deforestation by 2030. But after years of inaction, there is an urgent need to demand firm and immediate commitments to implement the 2020 cut-off date. If BNP Paribas wants to give real guarantees of its commitment to act in the face of the climate emergency and biodiversity loss, it must secure this commitment on the part of traders and then support them on a deadline of two years, not five years.

Faced with the explosion in demand for soy, due to population growth and of the middle classes, as well as by the ever-increasing consumption of meat and dairy products, Cerrado is today one of the most threatened ecosystems on the planet. More than half of its initial area has already been cleared. If the Cerrado is entirely wiped out, it would be a disaster for the climate and biodiversity as it stores the equivalent of 13.7 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) and is home to 5% of the world's biodiversity (3).

Klervi Le Guenic, campaigner at Canopée Forêts Vivantes, said: “BNP Paribas has understood the importance of imposing a cut-off date on soy traders, but no immediate demand is made to guarantee improved practices over the next few years. As it stands, BNP Paribas is giving traders 5 more years to clear forests with impunity”.

Cargill is Brazil's second largest soy exporter and has been linked to mega-farms that have cleared more than 61,000 hectares of forests in Brazil since March 2019. The area deforested is six times the city of Paris (4).

Nico Muzi, Europe director at Mighty Earth, said: “BNP Paribas’ announcement sends a strong signal to soy traders: big global banks are starting to realize the risks associated with soy-driven deforestation and are taking concrete actions to exclude bad players. Cargill needs to stop deforestation now; to that end, turning off the money tap now, not in five years’ time, is essential.”

Leyla Larbi, campaign manager at SumOfUs, said: “More than 125,000 people have already signed a petition calling on BNP Paribas to stop bankrolling deforestation. We will keep up the pressure on BNP Paribas, Cargill's main financier and one of the biggest bankers funding the destruction of the living world, as long as the bank does not revise its plans upwards ”(5).

PR URL

Version en français

Notes to Editors:

  1. BNP Paribas announcement: https://group.bnpparibas/communique-de-presse/bnp-paribas-definit-politique-restrictive-lutter-contre-deforestation-amazonie-cerrado

  2. Accountability Framework Initiative: Guidance for setting cutoff dates for no-deforestation and no-conversion commitments

  3. Soja et déforestation, les acteurs financiers ne doivent plus être complices, Canopée Forêts Vivantes, Mighty Earth, Reclaim Finance et SumOfUs, October 2020.

  4. Mighty Earth’s Soy and Cattle Deforestation Tracker

  5. See the petition: BNP Paribas: Stop bankrolling deforestation


Investigation reveals: three of the biggest US grocery chains sell Brazilian beef produced by a controversial meat company linked to the destruction of the Amazon rainforest

Exclusive: US chains Walmart, Costco and Kroger selling Brazilian beef produced by JBS linked to destruction of Brazilian rainforest

A Guardian investigation uncovers that Walmart, Costco Wholesale, and Kroger are selling beef from the most notorious deforester in Brazil, despite corruption and worse.

“Supermarkets need to go beyond their sustainability rhetoric by setting strict requirements for their suppliers, banning deforestation, monitoring their suppliers for compliance, and dropping contracts with the worst offenders like JBS,” said Mighty Earth.

Read the full story here.

Sign our petition to tell Costco: stop making American consumers complicit in buying the deforestation of the Amazon and get deforestation off our plates.

For more information on how cattle and soy companies like JBS and Cargill are linked to deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon and Cerrado, please visit our Soy and Cattle Deforestation Tracker.


Joe Biden and Congress must stop deforestation in order to prevent the next pandemic

Ending deforestation is our best chance to conserve wildlife, one of the quickest and most cost effective ways to curb global warming, and absolutely crucial to prevent the next deadly, global pandemic.

Sign the petition: $2.5 billion to build back better, stop new outbreaks and stop the COVID-19 catastrophe from repeating itself.


国内大手チョコレート企業環境・労働問題への取り組み評価

国内大手チョコレート企業環境・労働問題への取り組み評価

2021 年 2 月 10 日

報道関係者各位

マイティー・アース(Mighty Earth)
inquiry@mightyearth.org

 

国内大手チョコレート企業環境・労働問題への取り組み評価

東京、2021年2月10日—  バレンタインデーを前に、世界的な環境キャンペーン団体であるマイティ・アースとオーストラリアのビー・スレイバリー・フリー(Be Slavery Free)は、日本の主要な生産者やブランドを対象に人権や環境への影響を評価するツール「ジャパン・チョコレート・ガイド」の第一弾を発表しました。

バレンタインデー チョコレートガイド

マイティー・アースは、日本の主要なチョコレートブランドとカカオサプライヤーである不二製油ホールディングス(ブロマー・チョコレート・ホールディングス)、伊藤忠商事、明治、森永の4社を対象に、チョコレート業界が直面している最も差し迫った問題である、人権リスクの特定、透明性とトレーサビリティー、森林破壊と気候変動、アグロフォレストリー、生計維持所得ポリシー、児童労働と化学物質管理の7つの分野について、各企業の方針を調査しました。その評価方法はこちらで ご覧いただけます。

マイティー・アースのシニアアドバイザーで、カカオ生産の専門家であるサム・マウトールは、「愛情のこもったバレンタインデーの贈り物は、児童労働や国立公園の破壊を伴う形で作られるべきではありません」と述べました。あまりにも長い間、カカオの生産は、森林破壊、貧しい農民、蔓延する児童労働といった犠牲の上に成り立ってきました。このガイドは、企業によるカカオ調達に一定の進展が見られものの、より厳格な監視が必要であることを示しています。

日本はアジア最大のチョコレート市場で、2018年の小売売上高は49億米ドル(約5100億円)を記録しました。日本で販売されているカカオの3分の2以上は、世界でも最大規模の森林伐採率と児童労働率を記録するガーナから輸入されています。世界のチョコレート業界は、早くも2017年からガーナをはじめとする西アフリカ諸国における森林伐採や児童労働をなくすための取り組みを行っていますが、日本のチョコレートメーカーや貿易業者のすべてがガーナやコートジボワール政府と連携してカカオ関連のこのような課題に取り組んでいるわけではありません。詳しくは関連情報をご覧ください。

「日本のチョコレート会社は、品質の高い製品を販売するために、より多くのことをする必要があります」とマウトールは述べました。「どのようにして、カカオ豆が生産されたのかを知らないのであれば、どれだけの農薬が使われたのか、子供たちが生産に協力したのか、カカオ農園のために何ヘクタールの森林が伐採されたのかを、どうやってわかるのでしょうか。私たちのガイドでは、効果的なモニタリングと実施によって、どのようなことが可能なのかを示しています。そうしたことによる結果は、農民にとってもアフリカの森林にとっても、より持続可能なものになるでしょう。」

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マイティ・アースは、森林の保護、海洋の保全、気候変動への対応などに取り組む世界的な環境キャンペーン組織で、東南アジア、ラテンアメリカ、アフリカ、北米で活動しています。在来の生態系と野生生物を保護し、水を保全し、地域社会の権利を尊重するという環境配慮型の責任ある農業に向けた大規模な行動を推進しています。マイティー・アースのチームは、世界大手の食品・農業企業が環境・社会ポリシーや慣行を劇的に改善するよう説得する上で、決定的な役割を果たしてきました。www.mightyearth.org/japanchocolate

Be Slavery Freeはオーストラリアを拠点とし、世界各地で現代奴隷制の防止、中断、廃止に向けて活動する約30の組織からなる連合体です。また、オーストラリア現代奴隷法の制定にも関与しています。https://beslaveryfree.com/